Growing crops on the site is a rather painstaking and laborious occupation. Each type of plant requires special care for it, from the moment of growing seedlings to harvest. Of course, any owner of a land plot tries to rationally use every square meter of his garden. At the same time, it is important to collect a decent harvest in the fall and thereby reduce the cost of purchasing imported vegetables for the winter. The article will focus on how to pinch peppers correctly in order to achieve maximum yield..
Traditionally, a little bit of everything is grown in the gardens. After all, the main part of the site is planted with potatoes. After analyzing the location of the crops of the previous harvest, you can start planting new seedlings. There is an opinion that the same crop should not be planted in the same place for two years in a row. Thus, it is possible to significantly increase the amount of the harvested crop..
In order to get a good harvest of sweet peppers, it is necessary to perform the following tasks in strict sequence:
- buy seeds of the variety you like and carefully study the instructions prescribed by the manufacturer;
- sow seeds in the soil for growing seedlings;
- dive seedlings into separate cells for better growth and acclimatization;
- plant seedlings in the garden;
- water and fertilize;
- collect ripe fruits from the bush.
It would seem that you plant and water, and a little time later, it remains only to collect the fruits of your labors. In fact, this is not the case. Every culture requires proper care and timely pinching. By saving the plant from unnecessary, unnecessary shoots, you can achieve:
- flowers have a stormy and longer flowering;
- in fertile plants – an increase in yield due to large fruits that ripen faster.
Before planting seedlings, it is necessary to properly water the garden bed, and after waiting for a while, fluff it up. You need to plant pepper in moist soil, and then water it additionally. However, one must be vigilant, since pepper painfully tolerates waterlogging and drought..
Pepper, like many crops, loves warm weather, sunlight, moderate soil moisture. Mostly it gives good yields if it grows in the soil:
- sandy loam,
- medium loamy;
- black soil.
High levels of acid in pepper soil can be fatal. You can achieve the desired moisture in the garden if you place dry grass around the root system.
In addition to arranging an irrigation system that allows you to bring life-giving moisture to each plant, it is necessary to loosen it after a certain period of time. It is the periodic alternation of these two processes that will have a beneficial effect on the development of the bush, providing the root system with everything necessary.
All cultures love warmth. Therefore, their planting is planned at a time when frosts and decreases in temperature are no longer expected. A crop such as pepper is widely used in cooking, raw and canned. There are more than enough colors (red, yellow, green, orange, dark green) and configurations of these fruits. They can take the form:
Interesting to know: it contains more vitamin C than lemon. Doctors strongly recommend eating bell peppers as a natural appetite stimulant. Since it is considered a dietary product, no allergic reaction occurs after taking it..
- Having planted pepper seedlings in the ground, it is necessary to carefully monitor how it will endure this stressful movement. Do not forget that it is advisable to plant seedlings in the evening, when the heat subsides and be sure to water for better acclimatization. Since the air temperature is more favorable at night, the plant will be much more comfortable to acclimate..
- In addition to the main shoot, any plant also produces lateral ones. When there are doubts about whether peppers are being cared for, then one must understand that if they are not removed, then there may not be enough strength for everything. As a result, the fruits will be small, and they will not be able to ripen normally. The so-called “stepchildren” grow out of the buds, which are located in the axils on the stem. They, like leeches, take vitality and nutrients from the plant, and sometimes even block the path of the sun’s rays.
Unlike tomatoes, peppers must be pinched with utmost care, since this culture is quite tender and vulnerable. Moreover, this applies to peppers of various varieties and types, both bitter and sweet. There are peculiarities of this event, which we will consider.
Focusing on the weather conditions, independently determine the need to water the garden after several days. The frequency of subsequent irrigation measures should be determined solely from the health of the plant. However, excessive moisture can cause stem and fruit rot. And from a lack of water, the fruits will not be juicy and fleshy enough. There is a recommended frequency, namely:
- 10-15 days after landing in the ground;
- during the period when a massive fruit ovary is recorded;
- two weeks after the formation of fruits, it is necessary to feed the seedlings.
The choice of feeding means must be approached with extreme caution. After all, an excessive concentration of any element can destroy the plant. This applies not only to chemical compositions, but also to those tinctures that are prepared from natural ingredients of plant or animal origin..
- As the pepper grows, you need to be on the lookout and not miss the moment when the first stepsons appear. As a rule, this moment falls on the period of the pepper’s vital activity, when 9-11 leaves have already formed. Having carefully examined all the shoots, it is important to select the 2-3 most powerful ones, which will later be the main parts of a single “skeleton” of the plant..
- Until the height of the plant reaches the mark of 25-30 cm, no action should be taken to remove the stepchildren. During this period, pepper seedlings are only gaining strength and are actively developing. When the plant reaches the above mark, you should proceed to pinching, namely:
- The abandoned stepchildren, after their full development, are capable of producing up to 20-25 fruits per bush. In this case, the peppers will be juicy, fleshy. Usually, the flower bud is located on the main stem. Ovaries are formed on almost every branch..
- In addition, there is a possibility of the formation of shoots where there is no ovary. At regular intervals, it is necessary to check the bush and remove sterile shoots, as well as those that are painful or damaged. Yellow leaves are best removed. However, all these procedures must be done with utmost care, since the stem of the plant is very fragile and can be damaged..
Pepper picking video
- Pepper grazing in the greenhouse is carried out in a similar way..
- Removing excess foliage from a bush is a vital process. If this is not done, then the pepper will lack enough sunlight. Some particularly branched bushes may need to be tied up. Quite often, you even have to mount some kind of support, so that the bush does not break under the weight of its own fruits. This is especially important when growing tall crops..
The relationship of weather and pepper pinching
- Weather conditions have an important effect on the growth of pepper. If the summer turned out to be hot and rainy, then the stepchildren will constantly form and you cannot do without their removal..
- In this case, the lower leaves will need to be removed to ensure sufficient airflow to avoid the appearance of rot and various diseases. Excessive and uncontrolled growth of stepchildren can lead to the fact that the root system will not receive moisture and sunlight in the required amount, which will lead to disruption of the plant’s metabolic process.
- Dry summers and lack of watering will lead to the fact that side shoots will develop very slowly and incompletely. In this case, it is better to leave the lower leaves on the bush, since they will be the only way to maintain at least some moisture in the ground..
Before proceeding with a particular procedure for caring for a plant, you should carefully analyze the information about the cultivated variety. Breeders could already have developed a universal variety of pepper, which does not need to be processed..
- You can pinch the lateral shoot right away, even at the stage of its formation and not wait until the ovary begins to appear on it. This approach will allow you to form a compact bush and get large fruits..
- It is better not to touch a pepper plant that looks sick at all. Any mechanical damage can further aggravate his deplorable state or lead to death..
- A culture like pepper prefers group planting. They love to grow up together very much and cannot stand loneliness. If there are not so many seedlings as we would like, and the landing in the end turned out to be rare, then removing the side shoots in this case is not worth it at all.
- During the stormy growing season, the bushes should be pruned repeatedly, shortening the shoots as long as possible, the length of which is longer than the rest. This action will minimize darkened areas on the branches, which will contribute to the early ripening of the fruit. It is advisable to carry out the procedure at least once every 10-14 days, as well as after harvest.
- Peppers can be grown both outdoors and in greenhouses. Each of the conditions has its own pros and cons. But if everything is done correctly and on time, then an excellent harvest will turn out even if the required temperatures are not available. However, in the latter case, the growing season is slightly longer. Due to the insufficient number of insects participating in the pollination process, you may have to perform this event with your own hands..
Pepper, as well as many crops, are susceptible to the spread of diseases such as:
- late blight;
- white rot;
- top rot;
Of course, if you do not take any action in a timely manner, then you can lose not only part of the shoots and leaves, but also the plant as a whole..
- The fruit will look underdeveloped. In addition, the invasion of pests and other insects (aphids, Colorado potato beetle, bear, slugs, etc.) will cause irreparable damage to the condition of the bush. There are some subtleties of processing a plant. For example, to combat aphids, you need to treat the bush with serum diluted with water (1½ l of serum per 10 l of water), after which the plant should be pounded with wood ash.
- It is also very important for pepper to have compatible neighbors in the garden, such as onions, marigolds, basil, coriander, okra. Such spicy herbs growing nearby serve as a kind of protection for pepper from aphids..
- It is not recommended to plant peppers near beans, since anthracnose appears in the list of possible diseases of both crops. It is important to understand that diseases can affect both young plants and adults..
Even experienced gardeners can have problems with growing peppers:
- leaf fall, lignification of stems. Flowers and even an ovary can also fall off. As a rule, the reason for this is too high a temperature regime, insufficient watering;
- complete absence of flowering and ovary, as well as inhibition of growth. This may be preceded by a cooling of the air temperature, irrigation with too cold water, little light;
- the formation of defective fruits (curves) due to insufficient pollination of the flower of the plant.