In the entire history of mankind, the most popular was and remains an organic substance called humus, that is, animal excrement. Since this resource contains a huge amount of macronutrients, nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and other nutrients, which favorably affect the land and garden, garden crops are actively used by summer residents. Unlike mineral dressings, organic matter is able to improve the condition of the soil, while the former only deplete it. About the types of natural resources, properties, methods of processing, the features of the use of each of the varieties in the garden, read on.
Table of contents:
What is the difference between manure as a fertilizer and how to use it in practice? Here are the standard questions that gardeners with little experience worry about. The fact is that many modern users give preference to mineral feeds, which include a huge amount of materials necessary for the development, growth and productivity of garden and garden varieties. These indicators are many times higher than the numbers characterizing organic matter, therefore they are operated according to the instructions in minimal proportions..
However, do not forget that artificial fillers are stimulators of crop growth and have a direct effect on the plant, while natural excrement, fresh or processed, contributes to the formation of a fertile soil layer, humus, and saturates the earth with nitrogen, making it looser. Introduced by the distillation, in the required quantity, is able to make the soil looser, more breathable, even when it comes to clay varieties. Before talking more openly about the properties of natural raw materials, it is worth considering its main categories. Read more about this in the table..
|Varieties of organic fertilizers|
|by the degree of decay||regarding the manufacturer||form|
It is worth noting that each of the varieties has its own characteristic features of disposal in the garden, however, users should understand that the benefits of organic matter are manifested only with moderate use on the farm. If you overdo it with one or another defect, you can disrupt not only the structure of some crops, but also completely reduce the harvest to zero. In order for this not to happen, the owners must study the rules for the use of biomass in practice, figure out which of the types of feeding is best suited for this or that group of plants.
Agronomists recommend using organic fertilizer manure in a processed form in the garden and in the garden, in which, as science proves, there is a minimum amount of ammonia, an excess of which burns the rhizomes of crops. To date, there are a number of techniques that contribute to the transformation of fresh excrement into a useful consumer mixture..
1. Composting is the formation of a substrate from humus and other household waste, such as dry grass, straw, tops, peels of vegetables and fruits. The combination of these ingredients allows, during the storage period, to obtain a mixture more nutritious for the earth, in which the bacterial cake dominates, which is necessary for the fertility of the soil. Ideally, the compost should be prepared for use for at least a year, but more often the mixture gets to use, prepared from summer, until the period of seasonal fertilization..
2. Vermicomposting – preparation of a vitamin field for the earth, compost with the addition of worms to the organic mass, which actively process the surrounding ingredients. In this method, the main one is the correct approach to the selection of living organisms, as well as acidification of the resource, because it is known that worms cannot exist in a neutral environment. Ash, bone meal or ordinary slaked lime are used as an artificial oxidizer..
3. Infusion is called one of the fastest processing methods, as well as the easiest. To obtain a mass suitable for introduction into the soil, it is necessary to mix excrement and water in equal proportions, leave to infuse for a week. The already obtained mixture, before using, must be dissolved additionally, but already at the rate of 1 to 10 and poured on the bed in the furrows between crops.
It is important to note that fertilization of the garden with manure in its original form is not carried out in the spring..
It is permissible to exploit humus in poor areas, preferably in advance, preferably before planting late varieties. Various types of biomass are suitable for autumn feeding, since before planting seedlings, it will have time to decompose over the winter, although many experts argue that under the influence of low temperatures, the natural mixture partially loses its beneficial properties..
One of the most common is the mullein, the effect of which in the garden persists for several years. This is an excellent option for loamy and sandy soils, which are characterized by an average decomposition rate. However, there are a number of worthy alternatives to this familiar substance, which include horse manure as a fertilizer most suitable for a plot with potatoes, celery, cucumbers and almost all pumpkin varieties. This type of biomass is used not only in open areas, but also in greenhouses, greenhouses and hotbeds. A characteristic feature of the substrate is considered to be a loose, porous structure, the temperature regime of which during decomposition is 50 – 70 degrees.
The introduction of horse humus into the soil, like the mullein itself, has a prolonging property, that is, it retains a positive effect on the growth and development of plants for several subsequent seasons. In addition to the fact that biomass contributes to productivity, it also strengthens the immunity of vegetables to various types of diseases. Since the temperature of the resource is quite high, it is often utilized as biofuel in the garden bed, organizing peculiar trenches with natural filler between the rows. However, this method requires additional processing of organic raw materials, since fungal formations often appear on it. For the purpose of preventive measures, a solution of potassium permanganate is used, which is watered over humus. Fresh horse droppings are usually introduced in the fall before plowing, but it is not forbidden to do this in the spring, especially if the planting of crops with a long growing season is meant..
Rabbit manure as a fertilizer in terms of moisture level is close to bird manure, since these indicators vary around 56%, when compared to mullein and horse substrate it is more than 70%. However, this biomass contains all the trace elements necessary for a plant – nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and others, the indicators of which may differ depending on the breed of animals and the variety of their diet. This auxiliary element has a positive effect on the fertile properties of the soil, therefore it is recommended to use it in areas where nightshades, cucumbers, bulbs grow.
Garden owners should control the concentration of organic matter in the soil based on the indicators, adjust the dose of rabbit excrement, which, in the correct quantities, has a positive effect on all groups of plants. Since rabbits eat a lot of food with a grain mass, a number of disadvantages of this resource include a high risk of contamination of the soil with weeds. It is preferable to use manure in the form of compost, as its beneficial properties are only enhanced. If we talk about the production of infusion, then the resource is suitable for this, both dry and fresh..
Goat manure as a fertilizer has a number of advantages and is considered quite common in the agricultural sector, due to the following advantages:
- rapid decomposition;
- resource properties are preserved in the soil for a long time and have nutritional properties for all land categories;
- for introduction into the soil, its required amount is lower than the norm of other types of top dressing;
- suitable for improving the vegetation of both vegetable and horticultural crops;
- has good heat dissipation.
This number of positive qualities can be supplemented with an item concerning the convenience of disposal, since the excrement has a granular shape. Raw materials can only be used in processed form, excellent for the cultivation of grapes and strawberry plots. In a fresh manifestation, it is irrational to apply top dressing for agricultural purposes, since it burns the rhizome and completely destroys the seedlings.
Extractants of birds are considered quite popular and useful for summer residents, in the concentration of which there are many times more than the percentage of nitrogen, phosphate, potassium substances. Chicken manure as a fertilizer is quite common due to its availability and budget, it is customary to put it into the soil due to its long action, since such a resource decomposes for a long time and increases the soil fertility, saturates it with organic matter and improves the general condition.
Since bird manure is a fertilizer that contains a huge amount of uric acid, it is forbidden to use it in pure form in practice. Most often, before use, the raw material is soaked in water for several days, during which the liquid is changed several times. The positive characteristics of feeding include the absence of toxic substances in the composition, which allows you to get absolutely safe fruits from the garden. It should be noted that the biomass of this origin is not suitable for all varieties, for example, it is not recommended to apply it in places where garlic, onions, herbs, and also root crops grow, but this does not apply to potatoes.
The use of fresh humus is, of course, practiced, however, whichever variety we are talking about, it is not advisable to do this. Professionals recommend, nevertheless, to turn to common methods of processing biomass, which can only improve the structure of organic matter, accelerate its positive effect on the soil, and increase the effectiveness of the future harvest. If we are talking about a mullein, then the untreated resource is applied in a natural structure to the soil before direct plowing of the garden, in a reasonable amount. The winter period gives time for the natural processing of the substrate, the amount of nutrients in which in the spring will be acceptable for planting vegetable crops.
Thus, we can say that modern gardeners, summer residents have a lot of opportunities and valid recipes that will improve the condition of the site and increase the yield without unnecessary costs for mineral fertilizers. Homemade natural dressing is what the earth needs. The properties of organic mixtures are in no way inferior to purchased materials. Applying defecates as biomass for the garden, the owners get environmentally friendly products with excellent taste and ability to long-term storage..