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How to properly concrete a fence. Basic rules for concreting a fence with your own hands. How to concrete a fence with your own hands quickly and efficiently

For some reason, a concrete fence has long been considered an unpresentable option for fencing. Many people have an association with a gray monolith, which looks dull and tasteless on the site. In fact, a concrete fence can be very cute, and besides, it is a reliable fence, which not every dishonest person can overcome. The concrete fence is deservedly recognized as one of the most durable and capital structures. A concrete fence is erected in a short period of time, does not require a large number of tools and materials. And if earlier concrete fences were gloomy and unsightly, then modern technologies have made it possible to present a huge number of proposals.

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Do-it-yourself fence concreting

Concrete fencing is gradually taking the lead in the decorative fencing market. This becomes not only options for protecting the site, but also an element of decoration. Concrete fences have many advantages and both experienced craftsmen and inexperienced owners can make such a fence..

We can safely say that a concrete fence has a large number of advantages:

  • the fence is durable;
  • wear-resistant;
  • a wide range of textures and colors;
  • easy to install;
  • resistant to fire;
  • frost-resistant;
  • reflects sound and is opaque.

But, like any other fence, a concrete fence has weaknesses. The main disadvantages of such a fence are:

  • a kind of “concrete box” effect is created;
  • concrete fence expensive;
  • to install such a fence, it is necessary to install a foundation;
  • not resistant to mechanical damage and force;
  • is very heavy;
  • needs care, repair and preventive maintenance.

Pictures on request How to concrete a fence

Varieties of concrete fences

There are various options for concrete fences, some are used in private households, some in industries. Let’s consider the main ones:

  • monolithic – very heavy elements, for the installation of which special equipment is required, they are very durable, most often used for fencing industrial points;
  • type-setting – this type of fencing is especially popular with the owners of summer cottages, the fence sections are installed in special grooves, there are various fence options – deaf, patterned and mixed;
  • double-sided – fences that have no wrong side;
  • one-sided – have a decorated side and a dull seamy side.

These options are divided into the following types:

  • blind closed construction;
  • open structure;
  • monolithic sections;
  • decoration sections;
  • sections with a glossy finish;
  • sections with a matte finish;
  • with a relief image;
  • with imitation of the surface for various natural materials.

Pictures on request How to concrete a fence

How to make a concrete fence with your own hands

All work on the manufacture of any product begins with calculations. Preparations for installing a fence with your own hands also begin. It is necessary to understand how many slabs are needed to enclose the fence around the entire perimeter. It is important to carefully consider the issue of calculating the number of sections. The algorithm for performing the work is as follows:

  • on the site at the site of the fence, it is necessary to drive in the pegs and pull the rope;
  • the width of the protective slab is about two meters, and the height is half a meter, in order to take into account all possible gaps, it is necessary to count on five to six meters from above;
  • the height of the fence may be different, but if the purpose of the fence is to hide the area from prying eyes, a height of two meters is recommended;
  • it is imperative to take into account the support pillars, the cross section of which is one hundred and fifty millimeters;
  • to fence a site of forty meters, you will need twenty slabs with support pillars.

The sequence of works on concreting the fence with your own hands

To concreted the site, you should prepare tools and materials:

  • concrete solution;
  • fittings;
  • support pillars;
  • building level;
  • shovel.

The first thing to do is to remove a layer of earth with plant roots. This is done with a bayonet shovel..

After that, measurements are taken and determined with the place where the support pillars will stand. They are concreted, or another installation option is used, after which the sections are installed.

Pictures on request How to concrete a fence

How to properly prepare a solution for concreting a fence with your own hands

For a quality fencing, several important points should be taken into account. But one of the most important, one might say, decisive, is the production of high-quality concrete mix – mortar. For the composition to be of high quality, you should take refined ingredients and perform the required sequence of work..

In order for the solution to be of high quality, they take high grade cement, preferably four hundred (M400), and preferably five hundred (M500), river sand, gravel or washed medium-sized crushed stone and water.

You will need to prepare two different solutions. One, standard, will require a mixture of expanded clay, sand, plasticizer and cement. With the help of special equipment, they achieve mixing of the components to the consistency of sour cream.

The solution for the foundation has a slightly different formula: crushed stone, cement, river sand are mixed. Water is added as needed until the solution is ready to work.

The finished solution is poured into specially prepared forms, which will become the basis of the fence. You can independently weld a frame from reinforcement or thick wire. The entire surface of the metal is treated with mining or diesel fuel. Half the mortar is poured into the mold, the frame is laid and the rest of the concrete is poured. Using a wooden hammer, you need to tap on the shield, this will help create vibration and eliminate the likelihood of voids formation.

It is necessary to pierce concrete with a sharp thin pin, allowing unnecessary air to escape.

The surface of the concrete must be smoothed with a spatula and allowed to harden. The solidification time will depend on the season, weather, temperature, but in any case it will take at least a month. After a certain time, the slabs are freed from the frame and can be used to install a protective system.

It is important to know that you can paint concrete canvases made with your own hands only six months after production..

How to put poles for a fence with your own hands concreting technology

Support pillars are the basis of the barrier system. Correctly installed structures will extend the life of the fence, because the entire load falls on them. The height of the fence directly affects the power of the posts: the higher it is, the greater the load on the posts. By their quality, the supports can be solid and type-setting.

Solid posts can be installed in two ways:

  • with concreting of all pillars;
  • with concreting of the first pillar and strengthening of subsequent ones without the use of concrete mortar.

A pillar is installed in a pre-prepared hole and poured with concrete, setting the support along the level. After the solution has dried, the spans are put on the pillars from above, this is difficult and not always convenient. The slightest error in the calculations will not allow you to put on the segments and install the fence.

The second option requires concreting only one pillar, the rest are fixed with a stone, broken brick. After the segments are installed, the individual spans are aligned as needed. Then the pillars are concreted. This is the more convenient way.

Stacking posts are empty boxes that are placed around a steel support. A solution is poured into the cavity. There is no need for an independent foundation for this type of fencing..

Dry concreting of pillars

To carry out dry concreting, it is necessary to perform a series of sequential actions that will make it possible to quickly and efficiently install a concrete fence.

1. First, you need to carefully calculate everything and make a markup, this is a very important process for any type of concreting.

2. It is necessary to dig holes for the posts at a third of their height.

3. The pillars are installed in pits, after which they are covered with broken brick or gravel, sand. All this is filled with water and one or another element is gradually added to give strength to the support..

This option is not used for large spans or if the section has metal elements..

Installation of a fence without concreting

Installation of a fence requires large expenses for cement, crushed stone, sand, and equipment for concreting. It also requires a lot of physical and time costs. But there is another way, which is much cheaper and gives a high end result..

The first step is to choose the material for the supports. This is a very important point, since a great responsibility is assigned to the support: it must withstand the weight of the structure, gusts of wind, and the effect of mechanical loads. It is best to give preference to metal over wood or brick. It is universal, as it is adapted for sections made of any material, durable.

After that, they are determined with the place of installation of the fence, in the selected place you need to install the pegs and pull the rope. The distance between the sections is marked on the ground with stones or pegs. Holes from seventy centimeters deep are prepared according to the marks. You need to insert a post into the hole, cover it with earth, tamp it with a wooden bar. During the compaction process, water is added to better compact the earth. It is recommended to do this process from hole to hole, gradually returning to the previous ones. When the pillars are installed, it is recommended to install the fence.

How to properly concrete the foundation under the fence with your own hands

Sometimes a foundation is prepared under the fence, especially if it is a concrete, brick or iron fence. The following stages of work are carried out:

  • the place where the foundation will be located is cleaned of the upper earth layer;
  • along the place where the fence is planned, pull the cord;
  • based on the thickness of the future fence, they pull out a trench, you need to make supplies on the sides for the ledge;
  • drive in intermediate pillars, which will give stability to the fence;
  • the bottom of the trench is covered with sand and filled with water;
  • formwork is prepared for the upper part of the foundation, about twenty centimeters rises above the ground;
  • reinforcement rods, stones and brick fragments are placed in the formwork and in the ground;
  • concrete solution is poured into the structure and, depending on the weather, allowed to stand up to two weeks.

Pictures on request How to concrete a fence

Do-it-yourself fence concreting rules

It is possible to cope with the task of installing a concrete fence, subject to the sequence of work and the recommendations of specialists.

The weight of concrete spans and support pillars reaches a weight of eighty kilograms, it takes effort. To make the work go as quickly and efficiently as possible, pay attention to the following rules:

  • it will not be possible to install the fence alone, you need to enlist the support of several assistants;
  • it is necessary to achieve the same level throughout the entire protective structure;
  • if the relief of the site is heterogeneous, you will have to use a device such as a level;
  • situations arise when you have to dismantle a fragment of a span or a support in order to reinstall, you have to be patient and prepare for such a situation.

Several recommendations given by specialists will help to do the job better:

  • the drying time of the cement mortar depends on the ambient temperature: in the summer the mortar dries in a day, in the fall or spring – three times longer;
  • so that the pillars do not loosen, it is necessary to make a solution at the rate of four parts of sand to one part of cement;
  • it is possible to paint a concrete fence only for the purpose of decoration, since concrete does not require additional protection in the form of staining, staining can be done only six months after the manufacture of the product.

It is necessary to start installing the fence only after mastering the theoretical base, preparing the tools and the presence of auxiliary workers. If you still have questions about how to properly concreting the fence on your own, what are the features of concreting the fence with your own hands, watch the video. It will find answers to all your questions..