How to describe in a nutshell what a front garden is? In the language of facts, this is a place in front of the house, filled with plants, small architectural forms and decorative elements. If we describe it from a more subtle side, then we can rightfully call it the hallmark of those living in the house. Moreover, we are talking not only about private households, but also about urban high-rise buildings. The article will focus on how to beautifully arrange a front garden.
As a rule, people think about the design of the front garden last. And only when they come to grips with this issue, they understand how important its role is. In the course of work on its arrangement, I want to invest all my creativity, which, perhaps, did not find reflection in some part of the garden, fill it with everything possible. But it’s worth stopping here and weighing everything well.
After all, the front garden is the first thing that guests see when they step outside the gate or approach the entrance. And that is why it is he who makes up the first impression about the owners, which, as you know, is the strongest. Therefore, the design of the front garden in front of the house should be given no less attention than the garden or living room, which means clearly present the style, select the appropriate plants, and draw up an action plan. And here everything turns out to be a little more complicated than it seems to novice landscape designers..
When making out a front garden, first of all you need to consider:
- its estimated size;
- its functional purpose;
- for whom it is created;
- will it be closed or open.
Regarding the functionality of the front garden, here it is necessary to take into account how not only the approach, but also the entrance to the house is planned. If it is practically combined with a pedestrian path, then the period of arranging the front garden is an excellent reason to correctly divide these two zones.
- This can be done using either a low fence (wood, vine, rubble stone are suitable), which will become an additional decorative element. Or use a hedge, the main thing is to choose the right plant for it. Or you can simply visually zone the entrance / approach to the house in the same way that designers now often do in living quarters – with the help of floor coverings. In the case of a front garden, these can be paths made of stone and wood, rubble, lawn covering, paving slabs, harmoniously merging into one another, but at the same time clearly dividing the space.
- The most common zoning of the site in front of the house is a small garden, an access area, a path from the gate to the porch (in any case, it is better to make it at least a little winding).
- Such a front garden, which is described above, can be called open and functional. That is, they get into it immediately, going into the gate and, being there, not only admire the flowers, but solve economic issues. After all, no one canceled prosaic everyday moments, and it is in the front garden near the fence that there is most often a drain pit and a garbage container. To camouflage them (if required), you can use various decorative fences..
- The closed version of the front garden implies some kind of fence and rather has a decorative function. This is a kind of “garden in a garden”, and most often this option is used in urban settings, and for residents of the first floors is a kind of opportunity to bring a piece of nature into their lives. Looking into the history of the appearance of front gardens, it becomes clear that it is precisely the closed views that are classic.
- It is worth looking at European and American magazines 5-10 years ago with photographs of front gardens, and it becomes clear that the main tendency in them is to show people the facade of their house (and, accordingly, the plot in front of it). Perfectly mowed lawn with a chaise longue, well-groomed plants, thoughtfulness in the details. A beautiful picture is visible to all passers-by through a light fence. Whether it is convenient or not is a controversial issue, like many design solutions, but the fact that fashion trends in the design of front gardens in recent years have moved in a slightly different direction is unambiguous.
- The front gardens have become more comfortable and designed not only for passers-by, but also for the inhabitants of the house. Here, however, there may be another extreme: there is no expectation of what people from the street will see at all, even if the site is not surrounded by a high fence. In such cases, the front garden is comfortable and functional..
- The conclusion from all of the above is this: an ideal front garden is a mix of purely “European” and “grandmother’s” style. That is, when passers-by cast admiring glances from the street, but cannot fully see what is happening behind the fence, and a harmonious view opens from the windows of the house from any angle.
The creation of such a front garden is not an easy task. And in order to solve it, first of all, you need to choose the right plants..
- An open question for all gardeners, should the front garden follow the style of the rest of the household (if any), or, on the contrary, be a bright individual?
- Both options have the right to life. In the first case, perhaps everything will look more sophisticated, in the second, the front garden will either become the main highlight or perfectly shade all other objects..
- What to choose is a matter of taste, but, as statistics show, most gardeners still prefer to endow their front gardens with a certain personality..
In addition to the creative mess called “we plant whatever we like”, you can try to stylize the front garden for some design niche that is used in the interior. For example, make it in the “country” style, in the Mediterranean or Japanese character, in a light romantic or in a modern minimalist way. These designs are the leaders in popularity..
Of course, to recreate them, it is recommended to contact specialists, but you can try to implement an independent project. It will be not only economical, but also very interesting. The main difference between garden design and interior design is a good knowledge of “flower discipline”, because it is the plants that set the basic tone for the entire front garden, even if they are used to a minimum.
- For example, one of the most popular styles rustic (“country”) involves the use of perennials, not particularly pretentious in care, but bright and cheerful in appearance.
- For “Japanese” perennials of front gardens are used in a similar way, only in much calmer shades. Ideal, these are small conifers, irises, daylilies, cereals.
- If the soul lies to Mediterranean style, then here the main emphasis should be placed on beautiful flower pots, planters and containers, it is in them that the plants are supposed to be.
- Two opposing styles: discreet modern and light romantic imply the use of completely different plants. Minimalism is in many ways similar to the Japanese style, but it also uses more exotic plants, along with the standard.
- A “romantic”, of course, these are climbing plants, braiding various decorative elements and the house itself. This is a kind of “garden classic”, a bright representative of which is the rose garden. Yes, arranging a rose garden is quite a troublesome task, especially for novice gardeners, but how much pleasure it brings in the end!
If you don’t want to follow a certain style, but you want to have a beautiful and low-maintenance front garden under the window, then there are several options.
For this case, three popular solutions are suitable:
- plant the front garden with plants that require minimal maintenance;
- create a rockery in it, in other words – a stone garden;
- make a lawn.
Of course, such options will also require some attention to themselves, but nevertheless, for busy people they are optimal. It is best to choose plants that do not require special care. A striking example of such a composition is composed as follows.
- It is imperative to use a tiered planting according to the principle: small plants near the window, the largest ones near the fence. As such a large accent, for example, a narrow-leaved oak tree (its height is within 3.5-4.5 meters), which has beautiful silvery leaves, is perfect.
- The second row will harmoniously become yellow cinquefoil (it is optimal to use two plants with a diameter of 90 cm), which pleases the eye throughout the summer.
- The third row can be made up of a high-mountain dwarf pine, an annual croton with its bright red-yellow leaves, a tseanotus blooming in spring, a meadowsweet that delights with flowers in the middle of summer.
- The lowest row will look very harmoniously with the help of wormwood and scaly juniper, which will create a unique bluish cover if planted in a complex.
The plants listed above take root in almost any climate, moreover, they are frost-resistant..
- As for rockeries and lawns, as options for arranging front gardens, then these decisions must be approached with no less care. Not everyone, for example, understands the abundance of stones in the garden. Or a completely open lawn in front of the window, bathed in sun. To create the latter, you need to arm yourself with certain knowledge about the arrangement of modern lawns. First, that they can be:
- And before buying a certain mixture, you should think about how, for example, the level of moisture and light will correspond to the selected option. Do you need a sports lawn that can withstand heavy loads if the main purpose of the front garden is just a good view from the window?
- The best option for a front garden that is pleasing to the eye is a lawn with white clover. he is very handsome and rather unassuming.
- Rockeries, contrary to the opinion of many, are much easier to arrange than any other front gardens. The main motto here is as many stones as possible and as few principles as possible in their selection, as well as in the choice of plants. The only condition that should be observed is not to use too many sharp stones, otherwise the front garden from a peace-making picture can turn into a pessimistic and even aggressive landscape.
Constantly bright, beautiful front garden, this is the lot, of course, of more experienced gardeners who know the principles and time of flowering plants. Only in the case of a smooth flow of one wave into another does a permanent effect appear.
An excellent backdrop for deciduous plants and flowers will be coniferous crops, the popularity and diversity of which is growing from year to year. Decorative spruces, blue thuja, junipers. In winter, they become simply irreplaceable residents of the front garden..
In order to maintain the summer wave of flowering, they most often act according to the following scheme:
elderberry, hawthorn, irgu are planted in May;
at the beginning of summer – acacia, mountain ash, wild rose;
in July – linden, meadowsweet, rose;
by the end of summer – Van Gut spiraea, for example.
The overwhelming majority of the inhabitants of the first floors sooner or later come to the idea that at least a small piece of nature is necessary even in the very center of the city. It is good if all other residents of the yard support this initiative, or at least do not interfere with its implementation. But the saddest thing in such cases is that the plants planted with love are simply dug, cut or roughly torn.
Front garden photo
How can you avoid this? This is an eternal question, only no one has yet found an answer to it. Only a few tips can be given:
- do not plant long peduncles, i.e., those plants that are easy to cut for lovers of bouquets. Lilies and peonies at the epicenter of the risk zone;
- use the most common, but not less attractive, flowers (for example, daylilies) to decorate the front garden. Exotic “purebred” species are much more likely to disappear from the flower bed ahead of time;
- plant flowers that do not require digging for the winter (such flowers bloom only towards the end of summer, and therefore attract more attention): gladioli, chrysanthemums, dahlias;
- fill the front garden with ground cover perennial plants that grow very quickly (cuff, spurge, thyme);
- give preference to low-growing bulbs, annuals and perennials. Phloxes, daffodils, pelargoniums, marigolds and many others will delight with the brightness of colors without the risk of being ripped off.