Growing seedlings at home. Conditions for growing seedlings of tomato, pepper, onion, eggplant, cabbage. Seedling growing methods

Growing seedlings from seeds at home is quite common not only among residents of private houses, greenhouse owners, but also among apartment owners, because many people prefer to consume vegetables of their own production. The independent cultivation of flower seedlings, which they wish to contemplate at different times of the year, remains predominant. As you know, any plant can develop in a pot, but whether it will yield a crop, whether it will have the proper appearance and condition, depends on how correctly the amateur gardener was able to organize the optimal microclimate for this, whether he carried out the procedures for caring for that or another culture. In more detail, about the production of seedlings of various vegetables, breeding methods, acceptable development conditions for peppers, eggplants, tomatoes, cabbage, peppers, and petunias, further in the article.

Table of contents:

Seedling methods

The process of cultivation of vegetable, flower crops directly depends on the method of completing the assigned task. Some vegetable growers prefer not to bother with getting the plant in separate trays and grow the seed directly in the open field, after it warms up to acceptable levels. For others, planting ready-made seedlings, which were previously grown in pots, went through the diving stage, is fundamental. Depending on the prevailing environment, the body of the plant is formed, its immunity is developed, the ability of productive productivity is determined. For more information on the production methods of seedlings, see the table.

Seedling breeding methods
Sowing seeds in the ground This method involves planting purchased or independently harvested seeds in open ground, at the onset of the optimal period for a particular type of plant. Most often, consumers are guided by the diagram provided on the packaging of the purchased variety. This method works great for both cabbage and tomatoes and even peppers. Compliance with the norms of timely and high-quality irrigation remains mandatory, roughly to the requirements of the culture. The advantage is that the process does not require additional transplantation of plants, which means that their root system remains intact, moreover, no time is required for adaptation to a new place..
Potted with a pick A labor-intensive and material-intensive method, however, it is called one of the most productive, since the seeds are planted in specially prepared nutritional cubes. The soil base is a mixture of soil and organic substances, the properties of which are many times superior to humus and other fertilizers. A number of advantages include the fact that when planted in open ground, the plants quickly adapt to the new environment and after 5-7 days, subsequent development becomes noticeable..
Potted without picking The production of seedlings from seeds for a closed garden bed is carried out in a common vegetable tray, which can either be purchased ready-made on retail shelves, or made yourself. They are filled with prepared soil, and after the introduction of the seed, they are covered with peat and sand, which must first be steamed, that is, disinfected. In such an environment, different varieties of melons, cucumbers, tomatoes develop well..
Potless with a dive of seedlings into the soil Pumpkin crops do not lend themselves to picking, due to poor adaptation after transplanting, however, this method of obtaining seedlings results in a good harvest of tomatoes, celery, cabbage, after picking in which the root system takes on a branched shape. The advantage of the potless method is the ability to save planting raw materials, the allotted area. In the process of picking, the seedlings are immersed deeper into the ground and are more powerful based, due to the branched root system in the garden.
Mini-block production Purchasing cassettes and planting seedlings in them is one of the most popular methods today. They develop well tobacco, celery, all types of cabbage crops. The advantages of the method are considered not only the saving of the substrate, but also the minimum investment of the human factor. In addition, when transplanting plants to open ground, minimal manipulations are performed; additionally, picking is not required..

It is worth noting that whichever method the owner engaged in vegetable growing gives his choice, he must remember that each of them requires mandatory adjustments to lighting, humidity levels and temperature conditions in the room where the seedlings are produced. In more detail, about the background for the cultivation of various garden crops, further.

Features of the cultivation of pepper in the house

A number of whimsical people include a native of American territories, who today has firmly settled down in the Ukrainian-Russian and European expanses, often called Bulgarian, sweet. Growing seedlings of peppers at home requires a lot of labor from the owner, as well as observing the following nuances:

  • planting seedlings in a permanent place after 80 days, after being placed in pots;
  • the substrate for the culture should be focused on lightness, airiness, it is better if it is a mixture of turf and humus or peat and humus;
  • the seed requires primary processing in a manganese solution;
  • when the seeds germinate, stable 22-25 degrees should dominate in the room, in addition, the containers are covered with plastic wrap;
  • when the first shoots appear, the film is removed, and the temperature regime is adjusted, reduced for the first 5 days to 13-18 degrees in the daytime, 8-10 degrees are observed at night;
  • in the future, indicators of 26-28 degrees are necessary during the day, 10-15 at night;
  • Excessive watering harms the pepper, moreover, watering the culture with cold water is contraindicated, its temperature should be around 30 degrees, otherwise there is a risk of disease of the culture.

Peppers, like other vegetables, require good lighting, so it is important to install additional lamps for seedlings that need to be turned off after nine in the evening. To dive pepper or not, each gardener chooses for himself, since there is no consensus on this issue, but for feeding you can only speak in the affirmative, it is needed and even necessary several times.

What technological nuances must be followed to get good tomato seedlings

Growing tomato seedlings at home consists not only in buying high-quality seed, choosing the variety most suitable for the climate, but also in observing the standards of care, which will allow you to get healthy crops. It is from the condition of the seedlings and their immunity to the soil that the yield will depend, which is very important for tomatoes. For gardeners who have risen for this business, it is important to understand that the culture is very moisture-loving and requires regular irrigation, several times a day, moreover, in the room where the trays with seedlings are located, humidity should dominate, with indicators of about 80%.

If the process is started in a residential area, then it is worth making sure that the plants are located on the southern surface in order to receive a sufficient amount of sunlight. Optimal temperature conditions for tomatoes in the daytime are 18-22 degrees, at night 10-15 degrees. Before planting in open ground, the seedlings should be pre-hardened, taking them out to cooler conditions. It is important to note that growing tomato seedlings at home is based on the mandatory organization of feeding, two to three weeks after the emergence of seedlings. The period of planting in the garden varies depending on the variety (early, middle, late ripening).

Microclimate for self-production of eggplant seedlings

Gardeners on their own can get a harvest of different types of blue, shape and color, it is enough to correctly purchase seeds, process them and care for the seedlings. Since the vegetable crop is easily damaged by pests and various diseases, it should be placed only in treated, disinfected soil. An open garden for a vegetable should be prepared in the fall, applying fertilizers and neutralizing the appearance of weeds.

In addition to a high-quality substrate, eggplant seedlings growing at home should be based on the timely processing of seed material in a saline solution, according to the seeds that floated up initially, they should be immediately excluded from planting. According to the recommendations of practitioners, it is advisable to awaken the blue seeds, that is, from time to time to place them in different conditions, then in hotter, humid ones, then in cold ones, let them dry before placing them in cassettes. So that the seedlings are strong and not elongated, the sprouts that appear are placed in a room with a temperature of 14-16 degrees.

Conditions for growing seedlings of petunias on the windowsill

A perennial plant in the garden is everyone’s favorite petunia, the seedling of which can perfectly take root even in an ordinary plastic bottle. This plant is liked by many gardeners because of its luxurious color scheme, bright, lush flowers. The success of such splendor directly depends on the quality of the seeds, which need to be bought only from trusted distributors, and then giving preference to the coated species.

Seedlings of petunias growing at home will become absolutely successful if you start preparing seedlings in winter, because after the emergence of sprouts, it takes at least 12 weeks to get flowers. It is important that the substrate has a sufficient amount of organic matter, it is better if the gardener gives preference to a ready-made earthen mixture, which increases the chance of successful cultivation of the crop. It is recommended to place small grains in the soil with a toothpick, boring them minimally into the substrate.

Cabbage on the windowsill

The state of future cabbage fruits is laid down precisely in the properties of the planted seedlings, which are most often produced by gardeners on their own. Growing cabbage seedlings at home with the final positive result is based on observing several secrets. These include:

  • the ratio of the choice of the variety with the goals set for the harvest (long-term storage, fresh consumption at an early date);
  • familiarization with the seed producer, who would guarantee their quality;
  • preparation of a nutrient substrate;
  • a variety-based approach to sowing date;
  • cabbage seeds germinate only with a sufficient amount of moisture, at the rate of 50% per grain weight;
  • the lamp should illuminate the culture for at least 12 hours a day;
  • to quickly get seedlings, you need to observe room temperature with indicators of 18-20 degrees.

For white cabbage, the night temperature drop plays the role of positive hardening, with cauliflower it is better not to practice.

How to get cucumber seedlings

Seedlings of cucumbers growing at home can be based on planting hybrid species or planting self-collected seeds, which, with an aging of 3-4 years, bring surprisingly positive results. The culture has a number of features of both development and care, which consists in production without picking, since the vegetable does not tolerate it very well. Seeds should be placed in the ground only when prepared, already hatched. The seedlings must receive the maximum amount of light, otherwise they will stretch, but their condition will be weakened. Before planting, it is worthwhile to carry out mandatory hardening. The best option for obtaining good cucumber seedlings is the use of peat pots..

Thus, we can say that with proper familiarization with the peculiarities of garden and garden crops, everyone has the opportunity to produce good seedlings at home, from which it is possible to get environmentally friendly fruits and luxurious flowers..

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