Choosing slabs for a fence: tips

A concrete fence is a fairly popular fencing option. With its help, it is possible to obtain a reliable foundation that separates the site from the street. Among the wide variety of forms of modern eurofences, it is difficult not to get lost. Therefore, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with the tips that will help you purchase a quality fence. How to choose and install fence plates, we will consider further.

Table of contents:

Fence plates: description and characteristics

Concrete fences that have a specific shape, patterns and texture fragments are called eurofences. For their production, a special version of concrete is used, which is poured into a silicone mold. This type of fence is especially popular, primarily because of its strength and affordable cost. It also has an original appearance and good performance..

Among the main advantages of concrete slabs, we note:

  • the ability to hide your house and yard from street passers-by, the height of individual fence structures is more than 400 cm;
  • strength, durability and durability, each of the concrete panel is installed on a solid foundation in the form of a foundation, it makes it more resistant;
  • slabs are made from a certain type of concrete, which contains anti-corrosion components, substances that make it resistant to moisture and temperature drops;
  • also concrete slabs differ in a variety of assortments, there are many forms and models of concrete slabs, differing in shape and appearance;
  • fences do not need additional care and maintenance, although some of their owners paint them in certain colors;
  • fences made of euro plates are easy to install and do not require specialized equipment.

The main types of fence made of concrete slabs

There are two main options for concrete fences:

  • slabs for industrial purposes;
  • decorative type slabs.

The first option is used in the process of arranging a fence at construction or industrial enterprises. However, the weight of such a slab reaches several tons, therefore, specialized equipment is used for its installation. For the manufacture of such a slab, durable reinforced concrete with good performance properties is used..

Fence made of concrete slabs photo:

To install an industrial fence, the following actions are performed:

  • installation of panels on a foundation base;
  • installation on previously installed glasses;
  • fixing the plate on the glasses.

The cost of one section in such a fence is determined by its size, design and shape. Glasses for slabs are purchased separately from them..

The second option is to install decorative concrete panels. They differ in a variety of designs, colors and textures. Such fences are able not only to protect the building from the external environment, but also decorate the site..

Decorative panels are capable of imitating various textures in the form of stone, wood, brick. It is possible to combine concrete with metal, wood or plastic. The slab option determines the cost of the finished fence. Also, the price of plates is influenced by their performance – one-sided or two-sided, integrity or assembly, design and size of each section.

The standard size of a Europanel is 200 cm in width and up to 50 cm in height. The average weight of a finished panel is up to one hundred kilograms. Therefore, no specialized equipment is required for their installation. To fix the panel, special supports in the form of pillars are used..

How to choose a cement board fence

In order not to be mistaken in choosing a concrete fence, it is initially necessary to familiarize yourself with the recommendations for its selection. When buying components, check the availability of certificates of their compliance with quality standards. The type of concrete used in production plays an important role in the operation of the fence..

For the manufacture of concrete slabs, high-quality cement of the five or four hundred grade, river sand and additional plasticizers should be used. Among the main structural parts of the fence are slabs and support pillars. The scope of use of such fences is quite diverse, they are used as a fence for a front garden, a shopping complex, a private house, etc..

Before buying an eurofence, you should decide on the number of sections that are installed on it. For this, the perimeter of the fence installation and the number of sections on it are initially determined..

Also, in the process of choosing an eurofence, it is necessary to determine its appearance, the type of surface, which is smooth, rough, matte or volumetric. In relation to the color scheme, such a fence can be painted in any color, depending on the wishes of the customer. In addition, it is possible to independently paint it with the help of paints intended for these purposes..

Pay special attention to the appearance of a high-quality eurofence. Its coating should be perfectly even, without cracks, pores and deformations. If there are pores on the surface of the fence, then water will get into them, which will become ice in frost and destroy the base. The duration of operation of such a fence will be about six years no more. The presence of pores on the fence indicates that the manufacturer has saved on plasticizer or on the type of cement.

In addition, every detail of the eurofence must be examined for cracks and even microcracks. The cost of such a fence should be an order of magnitude lower than the standard one..

Also, pay attention to the dimensions of the fence slabs, their standard length is 200 cm, height 50 cm, and width 4 cm. Since they differ in structure and pattern, the last value is averaged. The minimum slab weight should be 65 kg, otherwise material was saved and concrete was replaced with gravel.

In relation to the color of the slab itself, the brand of cement used in the process of its manufacture is determined. High quality cement is white or gray. A dark gray shade indicates that a low grade cement was used, and, accordingly, of low quality. For the reinforcement of the slabs, a mesh and a rod are used, the diameter of which is about four millimeters..

Preparation for the installation of a fence made of reinforced concrete slabs

Before buying slabs for a fence, you need to decide on its dimensions, on which the amount of material used in the process depends. For this, the area is initially marked on which the fence will be installed. Pegs are driven in at the corners of the fence, and a synthetic cord is pulled between them. This value allows you to calculate the length of the pivoting and standard plates. Most often, some of the slabs are cut because they do not fit into the entire area..

The most popular fence in relation to the height is 200 cm. The section of such a fence contains four slabs. If the main purpose of installing the fence is decorative, not protective, then a fence of 150 or 100 cm is quite enough.

In the process of planning the installation work, it is necessary to take into account the fact that in order to install the plates, it is necessary to equip the supports. The standard dimensions of the pillar on which the fence is held is 15×15 cm. To calculate the number of supports, it is necessary to calculate the sections and add to them the value of the size of one pillar. The decorated pillars of the support are large in size, which are 25×25 or 30×30 cm.

The pillars have special groove joints, inside which the plates are installed and fixed. Also, to improve the attractiveness of the appearance of the finished fence, special covers or caps, called headrests, are installed on the posts. Please note that the cross-section of the cover must be larger than the cross-section of the column, in this case, it will be possible to prevent precipitation from entering the column..

The main rule of a high-quality installation of an eurofence is strict adherence to the line of the location of the plates. Several people will be required to carry out the installation work, since the weight of the slab is usually about 80 kg.

In the process of work, you will need tools in the form:

  • shovels;
  • scrap;
  • long slats;
  • building level;
  • leveling.

There are two main methods of mounting a concrete slab fence. In the first version, the pillars are installed at a certain distance, and then grooves are installed between them. To accurately deduce the distance between them, the cord is pulled, according to which the holes are arranged under the pillars.

Next, the support pillars are installed, which are aligned in the hole with the help of coarse gravel. It is this material that allows you to fix the post in the desired position. Next, the installation of wooden battens in groove joints is carried out. Using the rails, the evenness of the mounting of the supports is checked. A rope is tied to the top of the post and a rail is also installed, since the supports must also coincide in height. Next, the supports are set according to the level and fixed in the desired position..

Prepare a solution that contains cement or sand in a ratio of one to four. The mass should have a creamy consistency. With the help of the solution, the holes are filled with previously installed supports. After pouring, the supports are checked again for evenness. The time for assembling the eurofence after filling the pillars depends on the time of the year in which it is installed. If installation work is carried out in autumn or spring, it will take about three days for the supports to dry. In the summer, it’s enough to wait a day..

Installation of a fence made of concrete slabs in the second method involves the installation of supports in turn. After the installation of the first support, the slab is installed in it. Next, a second support and a plate are installed, that is, the formation of the fence is carried out alternately. If installation work is carried out on a sloping surface, then the supports must have different heights. To arrange pits for supports, use a crowbar and a shovel or a drill. When turning the fence, install two supports to fix it.

Among the disadvantages of the first method of installing the fence, we note the complexity of its implementation, the possible occurrence of errors in the calculation, the need for accuracy and accuracy..

The second installation method requires less physical effort than the first. In addition, this method is more convenient and easier to perform..

Fence made of reinforced concrete slabs: installation features

To install a fence made of reinforced concrete slabs, you will need a special crane, since the weight of one slab is about two tons. However, such plates are used very rarely in private housing construction, so there is no need to install them. Most often, reinforced concrete slabs are understood as a standard eurofence.

A fence made of cement slabs has significant advantages over heavy reinforced concrete structures. First of all, it is an attractive appearance that can mimic various textures. In relation to the type of pillars, the installation methods involve the installation of solid or prefabricated structures.

A reinforced concrete fence is installed with the preparation of the base, its leveling and marking. Start from the corner sections of the fence. Install the poles into the ground for about a third of their length. The standard hedge is 75 cm high.

Install the support and secure it with wooden spacers. Pour the base with concrete, check the structure for evenness. The fence boards must be mounted on a previously prepared base. To prepare it, you need to dig a hole and install fittings in it. Next, the first section of pillars is installed. For even distribution of the solution, its concreting is carried out separately for each of the sections. After the completion of the work, a concrete cover is installed on the post, which protects it from moisture and increases the duration of the fence.

Dismantling the fence of concrete slabs is more difficult than installation, since the slabs over time adhere tightly to the soil, and sometimes they are installed on the base of the foundation. For these purposes, you will need specialized equipment..

Installation of a fence of slabs video: