Construction of houses

Perforated panels: features, advantages, application

The development of the construction industry by leaps and bounds entails a number of consequences that cannot go unnoticed. The demand for building materials is growing exponentially, at the same time, the amount of raw materials consumed is also increasing. An immense niche in this area is occupied by building materials made of wood, which is often not able to get along with the desire to save natural resources. However, professionals made an attempt to find a compromise solution in this situation, which resulted in the creation of a qualitatively new building material – perforated panels. In terms of their characteristics, they are in no way inferior to their ancestors made of solid wood, and sometimes even surpass them, however, if you decide to buy a perforated panel, then make sure that its price is much more democratic than that for materials made of solid wood. As for the scope of application of perforated panels, it is extremely high and includes many areas, which, like the technology for the production of perforated panels, will be discussed in this article..

The use of perforated panels: historical facts

For a long time, the main building material was wood, which later gave way to stone, which soon did not fully meet the expectations of the inhabitants of the well-known stone castles, living in which was comfortable only in the summer, when the walls were cool. In winter, this was not possible, since the stone walls were frozen through and through. The builders of that time, trying to solve this problem, began to use wood for interior decoration of stone rooms, however, its insufficient strength characteristics and a tendency to burning and decay limited its use as the main material for capital construction. Subsequently, due to the development of innovative technologies, the construction market introduced panels made of wood protected from decay and combustion, but its high price hindered the widespread popularization of the material. Soon, cheaper and less durable perforated MDF panels appeared, but even the presence of perforations could not provide full protection of the material from moisture. This became a kind of impetus to the invention of perforated panels of high strength – perforated HDF panels, the price of which, combined with the highest resistance to moisture, contributed to the massive use of perforated panels in various fields, and the main place among them was occupied by the decorative interior decoration of the room..

Perforated panels: production features and varieties

Perforated panels are a modern decorative finishing material with qualitatively new characteristics, used in various fields of production and construction. Most commonly, perforated panels are made from high density fibreboard (HDF) or drywall. In the first case, the basis of the material is not a solid wood sheet, but wood waste, namely wood shavings. This contributes to the fact that in terms of environmental friendliness, perforated panels are in no way inferior to finishing materials made of solid wood, and in some characteristics they are even superior. They are less susceptible to deformation and damaging effects of biological and atmospheric influences. If we talk about perforated fibreboard panels, a mandatory component of the production process is the pressing of wood shavings, carried out by a hot method and carried out under high pressure, which definitely contributes to an increase in the density of the material, its resistance to temperature and humidity fluctuations..

Varieties of perforated panels:

First of all, it should be noted that the production of perforated panels is not limited to the use of high-strength fiberboards and drywall. Modern perforated panels can be made of metal and plastic, and if the use of the former is limited mainly to internal work, then perforated metal panels can be used not only for facades, but also in engineering, manufacturing and trade. Perforated plastic panels are also widely used in the process of external finishing work. Thus, the following types of perforated panels are distinguished:

  • High density fiberboard perforated panels (HDF);
  • Perforated metal panels;
  • Perforated plastic panels;
  • Perforated gypsum boards.

In addition, there are more sophisticated modifications of this material. Depending on the location in a particular price category, there are perforated panels finished with natural veneer, laminate and foil. Also, technologies allow you to apply paint to the panel from one or two sides and sand.

The shape and size of the perforations is also a variable parameter and depends only on the manufacturer’s imagination. The holes can be either a simple rectangular or round shape, or have decorative curly shapes..

Features and Benefits of Perforated Panels

Despite the fact that certain features and advantages of perforated panels depend on the material from which they are made, there are a number of common characteristics common to all types of perforated panels..

  • One of these advantages is versatility of use – perforated panels are used in many areas, among which architecture and design occupy a prominent place;
  • Wide selection and variety of design possibilities. This feature did not go unnoticed by professional designers, who could not pass by new products, surprising with flowery ornaments and intricate shades. Some species are characterized by shades that imitate natural wood, while other varieties, due to their bold brightness, will be the ideal finishing material for modern interiors;

  • Ease of assembly and disassembly activities. Despite the fact that most perforated panels are characterized by durability and ease of installation, panels made of thin metal require careful handling during installation. This is due to the fact that such panels are often extremely sensitive to high humidity and require delicate handling during work, as they bend easily and undergo deformation processes;
  • The greatest versatility is characterized by plastic perforated panels with laminated coating;
  • Wear resistance and non-susceptibility to fluctuations in temperature and humidity make such panels resistant to steam, which makes it possible to use them as decorative grilles for heating radiators;
  • Light weight of material and external weightlessness allow you to use the material for the manufacture of practically weightless decorative partitions within the zoning of the room, which will not clutter up the space and retain their mobility;

  • The ability to isolate and correct sounds found its application in the manufacture of perforated acoustic wall panels, which are in demand in the arrangement of recording studios;
  • Environmental safety of the material, due to the fact that phenols and epoxy resins are not used in the production of perforated panels, which completely eliminates harmful fumes;
  • And of course it cannot go unnoticed democratic cost perforated panels, thanks to this advantage of the named finishing materials of the future.

Perforated Photo Panel

Areas of application of perforated panels

Despite the fact that the use of perforated panels is very extensive and includes many industries, including construction, architecture, trade, and even industrial areas, it is necessary to outline the basic provisions regarding the use of perforated panels.

First of all, decorative perforated panels were created for use in the furniture industry, which implies the manufacture of exclusive designer furniture, decorative inserts for upholstered and cabinet furniture (headboards, exclusive dressers, sofas, sliding wardrobe doors, production of facades for kitchen sets and furniture walls). The relevance of the use of perforated panels in furniture production is due not only to the decorative characteristics of the material, but also to its ability to provide high-quality ventilation for raw dishes or linen stored in cabinets decorated with panels;

Currently, designers are increasingly talking not about furniture with the use of perforated decorative panels, but about interiors, where, in their opinion, this material will look the most elegant and profitable. For example;

Ceiling decoration, in which perforated ceiling panels are an excellent alternative to suspended ceilings. Particularly relevant will be the use of perforated ceiling panels for finishing ceilings exposed to constant moisture, as well as, in combination with the use of perforated wall panels, to create a favorable acoustic environment in the room;

The use of perforated panels for the manufacture of decorative grilles and screens for heating radiators. This is due to the fact that perforated HDF panels have the same thermal conductivity as metal, but when exposed to steam, they are resistant to deformation, do not corrode and do not evaporate harmful substances when heated;

Also, perforated panels are used to create ventilation and fireplace grates;

Important! When finishing ceilings, thin perforated panels are used (no more than 3 mm thick), while for wall finishing, more durable panels with a thickness of 5-6 mm.

Perforated HDF panels have found their application in business, where they are often used to decorate office interiors. In this industry, they are used to create optimal zoning of space and dividing the room into comfortable, efficiently ventilated and well-lit functional areas;

Trade and exhibition equipment is also often made using perforated panels, which guarantees an exclusive appearance for exhibition stands, and respectability and good taste for the supplier of the displayed products;

Perforated metal panels: application features

Perforated metal panels have also found their application in the business and film industry, where the state-of-the-art technology – media façade – is widespread. This technology has been widespread abroad for a long time, while in Russia its use is only gaining momentum..

Important! Mediface – is a planar structure consisting of LED modules that differ in shape and size. The design of the media façade involves the installation of an LED panel under a transparent façade screen or over a finished façade. The function of the facade screen is successfully performed by perforated metal panels, the use of which reliably protects the LED structure.

Perforated metal panels, like their wood-fiber counterparts, have found application in the manufacture of pavilions, stands and other commercial equipment. The use of perforated metal sheets makes it possible to successfully implement a system for quickly removing hooks and shelves;

Perforated aluminum panels, thanks to their unique design, have found their way into advertising structures. Originally designed for facade decoration, perforated aluminum panels perfectly withstand sharp fluctuations in temperature and humidity, and are absolutely not subject to corrosion processes. Their widespread use is due to their durability, low weight, and ease of assembly and disassembly..

However, the use of metal perforated panels is not limited to trade. They are actively used in the engineering industry, for the production of air conditioning and ventilation systems. The production of elevators, filters and the automotive industry is also not complete without the use of perforated panels;

They have found their application in the food industry, where, using perforated metal panels, the manufacture of beer equipment, apparatus for oil extraction plants, equipment for confectionery factories and pasta shops, and, of course, equipment for drying and filtration is carried out..

Perforated panels for the kitchen: which material to prefer?

Despite the fact that the kitchen and bathroom are one of those premises, during the decoration of which there are a lot of difficulties with the choice of finishing materials, perforated panels are also used in the process of their renovation. The main question in this case is only the choice of material, which is due to the microclimatic features of the kitchen, namely the combination of high temperature and humidity. Moreover, a large number of drops of fat often settle on walls and furniture, which determines the resistance of the materials used to constant washing and cleaning agents..

Important! Often, experts recommend abandoning the use of perforated panels in the kitchen, as grease and dust particles will accumulate in small holes, which will contribute to problematic and difficult-to-remove material contamination. However, this issue was resolved by modern specialists who decided to launch a new production line – perforated panels with large perforations..

However, this did not solve the problem of material selection. In this regard, professionals recommend refusing to decorate the kitchen with metal perforated panels, since they are not resistant to moisture, are susceptible to corrosion and damage by abrasive substances contained in cleaning products. In addition, they are not protected from the accumulation of soot and dust, and the formation of condensation. Wood and plastic panels have become an alternative option for finishing the kitchen, a special place among which is occupied by laminated panels..

Expert advice on working with perforated panels

  • Perforated HDF panels can be independently cut, painted and coated with other paints and varnishes;
  • Before painting, it is recommended to prime them, which can be done with an alkyd primer paint, as well as an alkyd paint in 10-15% dilution with white spirit;
  • The panels are painted using a water-dispersion or oil paint applied in two layers. It is recommended to paint with a spray gun or a car spray, while in the process of spraying paint, the panel should be in a horizontal position;
  • Before the direct implementation of the installation, perforated HDF panels are left in the finished room for 24-48 hours, which is necessary for the panels to accept the temperature and humidity of the environment, which will further prevent their deformation;

Important! While you have left the panels in the room, all of their 4 edges should be open, which can be achieved by leaning them against the wall. This is necessary for their favorable “getting used” in the microclimatic conditions of the room.

  • In the process of installing panels in frames, it is important to carry out a tolerance of at least 15% in thickness and 0.07% in length, which is associated with changes in the humidity of the room during different seasons. This contributes to a slight change in the dimensions of the panel, which can lead to its deformation..
  • In the process of cutting the panel, experts recommend using a circular saw (if cutting is carried out on a production scale) and at home a jigsaw or a hacksaw equipped with fine teeth. The panel is cut from the front side.
  • There are also certain features of the transportation of perforated panels, non-observance of which may lead to their damage. It is important to take into account that being in conditions of low negative temperatures, the panels freeze, but this does not cause damage to them. After transporting, do not unpack the material immediately, as this will cause condensation to form on their surface. To prevent this, it is necessary to leave them in a sealed state for a while in a warm place..

And finally: non-standard solutions using perforated panels

The emergence of new finishing materials gives impetus to the development of modern original design ideas. Perforated plasterboard panels are no exception. The know-how of modern manufacturers has become the production of perforated panels with shaped holes, combined with their illumination, which will create original accents in interior design. Using this material, you can “scatter stars” on the ceiling or decorate it with delicate rose petals. To make the interior truly unique, you can create multi-layer structures from light-scattering materials. Using perforated plasterboard partitions with backlighting, you can carry out competent zoning of the room and at the same time place the necessary light accents.

Zoning of small rooms can also be done with the help of perforated partitions, which will help to hide the overhead frame, which visually narrows the space, and communications, and will also allow you to experiment with lines and shapes..

By doing this, you will be convinced that the room can look different, more comfortable and cozy, and having made a bet on the competent zoning of the room, you will understand that “just square meters” can be turned into a fully functional and aesthetically attractive room..