Construction of houses

Panel construction: advantages of technology

Panel house building is widespread in the construction of multi-storey public and residential buildings. Due to the fact that previously manufactured panels are used in construction, the process is carried out quite quickly. We will talk about the technology, advantages and disadvantages of panel construction further..

Table of contents:

Features of the construction of panel houses

In order to deal with panel housing construction, first let’s get acquainted with the conditions for its use:

  • it is required to carry out a massive construction of houses on an area that allows you to sell housing at a price that covers the cost of work on the construction of reinforced concrete panels;
  • the presence of a serious energy base and energy resources used in production;
  • full preparation for the manufacture of construction sites, in the process of mass development using panel houses.

Please note that it is impossible to build a panel house in the absence of specialized equipment and technology. In addition, the panels are transported by machines that require a massive road to enter a certain width of the construction site..

To work with the panels, you will need powerful crane equipment that will help you install the slab at a certain height. Please note that the weight of one panel is about ten tons, therefore it requires highly powerful equipment to install it..

The main advantage of building panel houses is the ability to save time on the construction of a multi-storey building. The structures are distinguished by a high degree of finishing readiness. With the help of this technology, it is possible to build a house of twenty or more floors..

Modern panel houses are of a fairly high quality and straight geometry. This is due to the wide popularity of this technology and great competition in the construction market. Therefore, builders are trying to build a panel-type building as efficiently as possible..

The scope of this technology applies not only to the construction of multi-storey buildings, but also to private panel construction. With the help of panels it is possible to construct private houses on one, two or three floors..

Panel construction technology involves the construction of two types of houses:

  • frame;
  • frameless.

There are two types of frame buildings. In the first type, the frame is complete, and in the second, it is internal. The first version of buildings has the form of a spatial frame, for the formation of which external supports and ribbed panels are used. In such panels, the frame consists of a transverse and a longitudinal frame.

In the second version of the frame panels, there are no supporting columns. Internal columns are load-bearing, they bear the entire load. The optimal value in the span of a frame building is about 500-600 cm. Columns are spread along the longitudinal part of the building, the distance between which is more than 300 cm. At the same time, the height of the floor is about 280 cm. The crossbars and columns are connected by welding. There is a console on the columns, for the manufacture of which two-tee steel is used. The height of panel-type frame buildings depends on the purpose of the house:

  • in administrative, medical and public buildings, it is about 330 cm;
  • for residential buildings – 280 cm;
  • for shopping centers and design offices – 360 cm.

Large-panel buildings are referred to as frameless. There are several schemes for their construction. Hotel houses with a maximum of five floors are subdivided into:

  • buildings with external and internal partitions;
  • buildings in which external walls and transverse partitions are installed;
  • buildings with load-bearing external and longitudinal internal walls.

SIP panel construction: recommendations and technology

We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the general recommendations for the construction of houses from vulture panels:

1. First of all, before ordering the sip panels, you should make sure of their quality. The use of low-quality polystyrene foam or glue for gluing panels leads to a decrease in the life of the entire house. For gluing some panels, manual hired labor is used, such panels, although they are cheaper, are of poor quality.

2. Without fail, ask the supplier of panels for special documentation confirming the quality of the products. The strength characteristics of the panel determine the quality of polystyrene foam used for its manufacture..

3. For the manufacture of a house, according to the technology of panel housing construction using vulture panels, we recommend using a columnar type of foundation with the use of piles and a tape shallow type. This base will become a reliable support for a multi-storey building..

4. If this type of foundation is not suitable due to heaving of the soil, then it is better to stop at a deep strip foundation, which has an extension in the lower part.

5. When building a house that has a basement or basement floor, give preference to the slab type of foundation. It is suitable for almost any type of soil and has high performance characteristics..

We offer you to familiarize yourself with the technology of building houses from vulture panels:

1. The beginning of work involves the construction of the foundation. Its manufacturing technology depends on the type of base chosen. Most often, for panel houses, foundations are made on the basis of screw piles. Among their advantages, the speed of work is noted, in comparison with a strip or slab base, two days are enough for the manufacture of a pile foundation. At the same time, work can be carried out both in summer and in winter..

2. After the foundation is made, it is waterproofed. Thus, it is possible to protect the base of the house from moisture. If there are elements made of wood or steel, they should be processed using special compounds that improve their quality and increase the duration of operation. A strapping bar is laid on the screw piles, but in front of these, two layers of roofing material must be laid. The installation of the timber is carried out in relation to the pre-fabricated project.

3. This is followed by the installation of the floor in the house. They consist of vip panels, while the lower part of the panel is treated with a waterproofing solution, which will prevent its exposure to moisture. For splicing the panels together, their tongue-and-groove connection with a bar is used. In this case, each side is fixed with a self-tapping screw. Before starting the installation, polyurethane foam is applied on the tongue-and-groove side of the sip panel. After that, polyurethane foam is installed on the panels and they are sheathed using wooden boards.

4. The next stage is the installation of the first floor. At the beginning of work, depending on the previously made house project, work is carried out to install the lower strapping. Please note that the smallest deviations from the project are unacceptable, as this will affect the correct installation of subsequent floors, if any..

5. Each of the walls consists of a vulture panel, between which there is a frame made of wood, therefore the technology is a panel-frame construction. First, depending on the project, all walls are marked earlier. Corner panels must be installed to complete the wall assembly. Further, subsequent panels are installed in relation to the perimeter of each room. Before starting the installation of panels, if there are small indentations on their surface, use liquid polystyrene foam for processing them. To control the installation of each panel, use the building level.

6. Finish the assembly of the first floor, should also be in the corner. To close the end section on the wall, an element in the form of the last pillar is used. Next, it should be processed with polyurethane foam, the upper part of each panel. The following is the process of installing the upper harness.

7. The next step is to install floor panels. They are installed strictly along the perimeter on the walls of the first floor. Plates are installed in the same way as on the previous floor..

8. The construction of the second and subsequent floors is carried out in the same way as the installation of the first. All work is carried out fairly quickly. If there are too large rooms on the floor, a high-strength beam is used to strengthen them. In the process of finishing work, it is covered with plasterboard or stretch ceiling.

9. The construction of the roof is being completed. Please note that in this version of the house there is no need to build a rafter system. Since sip panels have a certain stiffness that can withstand very high loads. For the installation of the roof, special sip panels are used. At the same time, there is no need for additional vapor barrier and thermal insulation..

10. After completing the assembly of the house, windows, doors and roofing are installed in it. Installation of windows is carried out in relation to the project, while, to cut out a window, it is enough to select any section of the vulture panel. There are no restrictions on the shape of the windows.

11. For finishing the roof, we recommend using flexible shingles, metal or roll roofing options. This is followed by the wiring of communication systems to the house, installation of electricity and water, work on external and internal decoration.

12. Since the vulture panels are characterized by the presence of a flat surface, their further finishing is not difficult. For the exterior cladding of the house, siding, block house, natural stone, tiles, plaster, etc. are used. The walls in the houses are faced with plasterboard and pasted over with wallpaper or various types of decorative putty.

Advantages of panel construction using vulture panels:

  • excellent level of strength – the material is quite reliable and tough;
  • resistance to mechanical damage;
  • high level of energy efficiency;
  • duration of operation;
  • profitability of use;
  • the ability to increase the usable area of ​​the house;
  • no restrictions in interior and exterior decoration;
  • quickness of work on the construction of panel cottages;
  • no shrinkage;
  • lightness of weight;
  • no need to build an expensive foundation.

Characteristics of panel monolithic construction

Organizations that are engaged in the construction of turnkey panel houses most often give preference to the panel monolithic type of construction. Considering the advantages of this technology, one should highlight:

  • the speed of work, compared to brick houses;
  • great appearance that fits into any terrain;
  • the presence of ample opportunities in the preparation of the project;
  • the possibility of free planning of apartments;
  • solidity, which ensures good operational characteristics of the building;
  • subject to construction technology – long service life of the house.

Despite this, apartments in a monolithic building will cost more, since building a house requires special costs for pouring a monolith.

However, if we compare such houses with houses made of vulture panels, then the latter have obvious drawbacks. These are the joints between the panels, which are the vulnerability of such a house. Monolithic houses, on the other hand, are distinguished by their integrity, they are quite warm, do not let in unnecessary sounds, and are reliable. The apartments have a free layout.

Panel monolithic housing construction is based on the production of special reinforced concrete panels in the factory, their delivery to the construction site and installation using specialized equipment. Their main difference from monolithic houses is that monolithic construction involves filling the building directly on the construction site. At the same time, the cost of work increases significantly than when using ready-made plates. Filling works are carried out only in summer, autumn and spring, and it is possible to build a house from slabs even in winter. Please note that the process of erecting a monolithic house should be carried out in compliance with all technologies and norms of construction documentation. Failure to comply with at least one requirement will lead to a decrease in the duration of the operation of the building itself.

Construction of a panel house video: