Facade clinker tiles occupy a special place among building finishing materials. In composition, it is similar to ceramics, but stronger and more resistant to external factors. High performance and aesthetic characteristics have led to a wide range of clinker applications.
Even the ancient Romans used clinker tiles for facing facades, which were made by firing clay and molding dense monolithic bricks. At the beginning of the 19th century, Dutch craftsmen improved the technology of tile production and created a perfectly smooth, durable finishing material – clinker.
The main component of the tile is high-quality refractory slate clay, which is cleaned of salts, lime components and impurities. After processing the clay, a finely dispersed promoter, fluxes and chamotte are added. The mixture is thoroughly mixed, molded and sent for firing. All clay components are sintered to a monolithic state at a temperature of 1200-1300 ° C, providing high strength to the finished product.
Clinker tiles have the following advantages:
The rather high cost of clinker tiles is perhaps the only drawback of the material. The price of a tile varies from 650 to 4000 rubles / m2 (the cost depends on the manufacturer, shape, texture and color of the material).
House cladding with clinker tiles can be done wet and dry. The first option is considered traditional and is used for installing standard tiles, and the second for laying thermal panels with clinker tiles..
The “wet” method involves the use of an adhesive composition. Facade decoration is carried out piece by piece – by separate elements. Plates are glued to the prepared surface using special adhesive mixtures.
Important! In the “wet” method, a backing made of insulation is used, which is attached with self-tapping screws to the primed wall. The layer of thermal insulation is leveled and reinforced, after which the tiles are laid
Advantages of the “wet” method: aesthetic appearance, durability, strength. Cons: more time consuming relative to the “dry” method.
The “dry” method involves laying panels consisting of insulation – expanded polystyrene and plates. The panels are supplied with the fasteners required for fixing to the walls.
Installation of thermal panels with clinker tiles can be performed with self-tapping screws or dowels directly on the wall of the house. If the base is uneven, then it is better to make a frame from metal or wooden profiles.
Advantages of “dry” laying: ease of installation (after fixing the panels, additional processing of the seams is not required). Minus – the high cost of thermal panels.
In order not to get confused in all the variety of the presented models, it is necessary to clearly define the main parameters for choosing tiles for the facade:
To clad the facade with clinker tiles, it is necessary to calculate in advance how much material is required. The number of main and corner elements is determined separately. The main elements are calculated in square meters, and the corner elements are calculated in linear meters..
Rules for calculating the number of tiles:
Several types of adhesive mixtures can be used to fix clinker:
Important! Adhesives for laying clinker must have the most important property – elasticity. Therefore, when choosing glue for tiles, it is better to give preference to a composition enriched with elastic additives. Such mixtures are not afraid of building shrinkage, high humidity and temperature changes.
Facing the house with clinker tiles is carried out in compliance with a number of conditions:
Applying an adhesive to a house wall requires flatness leveling:
Before laying, you need to prepare an adhesive composition, moisten the tiles in water and prime from the back..
Laying the tiles begins with door and window openings. Before work, it is necessary to measure the distance between the openings, determine the boundaries of the installation and apply the markings with a pencil. This is one of the most crucial stages in determining the symmetry and accuracy of the cladding..
After the doors and windows of the house are decorated, they begin to decorate the corners of the room. Wall cladding with clinker is performed over the entire length in even rows. If you plan to create patterns on the facade, then it is more convenient to lay out the tiles in sections of 1 m2.
The final stage of laying is the facing of the external window sill. At the end of the cladding, you can start grouting..
To align the tile joints, the master will require certain skills. To control evenness, you should adhere to a special technology and use a metal bar:
Facade decoration with clinker tiles: video
The basement is most susceptible to moisture and mechanical stress, therefore, special attention is paid to the decoration of this part of the facade. When facing, they use denser insulation and more massive, thick clinker tiles..
Plinth finishing recommendations:
- the laying of the tiles begins slightly below the ground level;
- the wall is reinforced with a metal mesh, which is attached to the base with self-tapping screws;
- it is better to use polyurethane or acrylic grout for grouting medzh-tile joints;
- so that the basement has one level, a starting bar is laid around the entire perimeter of the facade – it can be a wooden rail, an ordinary board or a steel profile;
- glue is applied to the area of the base that can be covered with tiles; the drying time of the adhesive is about 20-30 minutes;
- the seams are rubbed in 2-3 days after the tiles are laid.
Advice. It is better to tile the plinth with double glue application. Tile adhesive is applied to the tiles and to the substrate. In this case, the mortar completely fills the space under the clinker.
Facing the basement with clinker tiles: video