Affordable cost, excellent performance, a variety of models and an attractive appearance make siding widely used in facade decoration. There are more than thirty varieties of siding, which differ in composition, type, texture, and manufacturing principle. We will consider the features of installation and the specifics of siding under a log further..
Table of contents:
Siding has many advantages, thanks to which it is often used in facade decoration. This material imitates various textures such as wood, natural stone, metal, tiles. Among the advantages of siding, we note:
- ease of maintenance – the material does not need painting, a primer – to improve the attractiveness of the coating, it is enough to rinse it with water;
- ease of installation work – to install siding does not require specialized equipment and skills in working with it, it is enough to install the crate and mount the panels, snapping them together;
- installation work is carried out both in summer and in winter – there are no restrictions on the installation of siding;
- versatility of use – with the help of siding, they perform not only external decoration, but also decorate the premises;
- has a long service life, which is more than fifty years;
- differs in the type of base: vinyl, metal, plastic, cement, wood;
- differs in a large number of colors and textures;
- not exposed to moisture, insects, fungus and mold, well tolerates temperature fluctuations and ultraviolet radiation.
Despite this, siding has certain disadvantages, such as:
- synthetic origin – the material does not contain natural ingredients;
- vinyl-based siding is characterized by low fire safety and a tendency to ignite, in addition, during combustion, the material emits hazardous smoke, therefore it is forbidden to use vinyl-based siding in the decoration of industrial premises;
- under the influence of low temperature, vinyl-based siding loses its strength and easily breaks at the slightest mechanical damage.
Decorating a house with a rounded log is a rather costly and time-consuming process. A more budgetary and simpler solution would be to purchase log siding. Siding panels in appearance practically do not differ from natural wood. In addition, they are easier to care for, do not require special treatment and are well tolerated by weather conditions..
Siding protects the building from atmospheric precipitation, and insulation can be installed under the crate, which additionally insulates the building with heat and sound. The light weight of the plastic does not load the surface, thereby increasing the duration of the entire house.
The scope of use of log siding is quite wide and includes:
- construction and decoration of cottages;
- finishing of gazebos, verandas, outbuildings;
- renovation of an existing facade;
- finishing of country houses;
- use for the construction of small architectural forms.
There are many types of log siding, which differ in type, shade, wood structure. There are panels with a flat and embossed structure. Additionally, a set of fasteners is sold with the panels in the same color scheme to create a seamless look.
There are two main options for log siding:
- based on plastic.
For the manufacture of the first version, cold-rolled galvanized steel is used, additionally covered with a polymer protective layer. These materials are characterized by high strength and good performance..
Vinyl-based siding is cheaper and has a high coefficient of expansion under the influence of temperature extremes. Therefore, the lamellas of such siding have a lock fastening to maintain the damping gap. In addition, this material is less frost-resistant, tolerates mechanical loads worse, and does not have refractory characteristics..
Another type of log siding is chemically modified material, which has less thermal expansion and increased resistance to ultraviolet expansion..
Metal siding is more reliable, but requires additional insulation, compared to plastic siding, which has high thermal insulation properties.
When choosing siding for a log, pay attention to such characteristics as:
1. Uniform color.
The inner and outer sides of the panels must be identical in color. An option is possible when the inside of the siding is painted in a lighter color, this is permissible only for budget types of siding.
Log siding photo:
2. Panel thickness.
Determine the thickness of the panel, it should be the same throughout the cut. This factor determines the resistance of siding to power loads. If there are large differences in thickness, it is better to refuse to buy such material..
3. Holes for fasteners.
The shape of these holes must be identical on each of the panels. No frizzy or uneven edges allowed.
4. Appearance of the front surface.
The outer part of the coating should have a matte base. Vinyl siding does not have a glossy sheen. Since the gloss heats up faster under the influence of solar radiation and loses color.
5. Pay attention to the packaging.
To protect the siding from deformation or mechanical damage, it is packed in cardboard boxes. A good manufacturer will also take care of the instructions for the material with detailed recommendations for its installation..
6. Test the siding.
Try to bend one of the panels, if the sample breaks, then the plasticity of the siding is low and it is better to refuse to buy it..
Also, ask the seller for information about the manufacturer, the country in which the material was made, ask for quality certificates. Most manufacturers give a product warranty that ranges from 30 to 50 years. Remember, good quality material doesn’t come cheap..
Dark colored siding is more expensive, as special stabilizers are used to protect it from fading. Also, dark panels heat up faster from the sun, so they need increased protection against deformation..
For the maximum attractiveness of the appearance of the siding, together with the panels, purchase fittings that are identical in color. House block is docked directly using H profiles.
In addition, you will need:
- start and finish profiles;
- inner and outer corners.
For cutting metal and plastic siding, use the same tool in the form of:
- scissors for metal;
- electric saw.
To obtain a neat and even cut, use only half of the length of the scissors. The most accurate edges are obtained when using a grinder with the ability to adjust the speed of rotation of the nozzle.
Vinyl siding is easy to install on the walls of your home. The surface is pre-leveled, in the presence of cracks, cracks and chips – they are sealed with plaster or plaster for outdoor use on a gypsum base.
Remember that the result of the installation work depends on the correct installation of the first panel. The lower part of each plate is equipped with a lock, and the upper part is equipped with a perforated edge, on which there is a hole for self-tapping screws..
In order to create a one-piece covering, the plates are installed with an overlap. The type of approach to the doors of the house determines the order of installation work. The size of the overlap should not exceed 2-2.5 cm. When joining the upper parts, a temperature gap is left, the value of which is indicated in the instructions from the manufacturer. The same gap is left between the horizontal panels, only twice as much.
In order to prevent warping – use quality fasteners recommended by the manufacturer. Do not use fasteners without a galvanized coating, over time they will begin to rust and spoil the appearance of the facade.
When fixing elements such as gutters, shutters, lighting fixtures, make sure that they do not interfere with the thermal expansion of the material. It is forbidden to seal the overlaps, as well as the joints of the panels with the gutters..
In order not to damage the siding during transportation to the object, store the material in no more than twelve boxes vertically. Choose a spacious storage room with flat flooring, moisture, mildew and mildew free.
After installing vinyl siding, it is enough to wash it with plain water and a brush or rag. This material does not require additional care.
Metal siding has a polymer coating, which begins to rust in the presence of mechanical damage. To prevent this, if there are small chips on the surface of the siding, treat this place with an anti-corrosion primer..
At the preparatory stage, fasteners of the drainage system, decorative elements, plants and other objects that interfere with the work are removed from the facade. Structures of load-bearing walls are strengthened and prepared for additional loading. If there is a layer of fragile plaster, it must be removed.
After the basement part is completely aligned, the process of marking under the crate begins. In this case, be sure to use a level or level.
There are two options for lathing for siding:
- made of wood;
- made of metal.
The first option will be cheaper, in addition, it is easier to install such a crate. Despite this, the wooden crate is not without flaws – a tendency to rot, shrinkage, deformation and a short service life..
If you nevertheless decide to stay on a wooden version of the crate, consider the following recommendations:
- the size of the bars for metal siding is 5×5 cm;
- moisture content of wood no more than 13%;
- mandatory protective treatment with fire retardants, antiseptic and moisture resistant compounds.
The metal crate has a long service life, is not prone to deformation, and is easy to install. The gap between the profiles is determined by the type of siding and the individual characteristics of the building. When installing siding horizontally, the sheathing panels are installed vertically. If there are abutments to doorways, install a solid crate.
This is followed by the process of thermal insulation of the walls. It is recommended to install a heat-insulating material, since metal siding does not have heat-saving properties, compared to plastic.
When laying the heat-insulating material in multi-layer, overlap the joints between the plates, try to fill the inner part of the battens as tightly as possible. To fix the insulation, use plastic dowels 5 cm longer than the width of the insulation.
Install additional waterproofing, especially if mineral wool has been used as thermal insulation material. This element will have a positive effect on the service life of the facade and prevent its destruction. Installing a superdiffusion membrane will protect the facade not only from moisture, but also from the wind.
This is followed by the installation of the siding itself. Initially, the starting strips are installed, under the previously constructed markings. Additional elements adjacent to windows and doors are installed directly on them.
Start installation work from the back of the house. First of all, install the siding in the corners and in the abutment points. Please note that the top and bottom profiles must be positioned identically. Decorating the house with log siding is done in a horizontal position. Do not press the fasteners too tightly to the siding, leave a small gap for thermal expansion of the material. Screw the fasteners directly into the center of the factory hole.
Upon completion of the work, the tightness of the joints is checked, the drainage elements are installed.
Siding video editing: