Construction of houses

Do-it-yourself veranda to a wooden house

Many owners of private houses and summer cottages are thinking about building a veranda. This room, filled with coziness and warmth, is an excellent place to receive guests and relax. Let’s talk about the features of the construction of a veranda attached to a wooden house..

Table of contents:

Veranda to a wooden house: features, advantages, varieties

The construction of a veranda attached to the house allows you to get a room with an amazing view of nature. Among the advantages of a veranda, it should be noted:

  • the possibility of obtaining a recreation room, which is filled with light and warmth;
  • the possibility of expanding the usable area of ​​the house;
  • excellent decoration of the front of the building;
  • using the room as a dining room or living room.

In relation to the design features of the veranda there are:

  • outbuildings;
  • freestanding verandas.

Wooden verandas attached to the house photo:

The first option is more popular, since to visit such a veranda you do not need to go out first, but just get into it through the house. In addition, in relation to the shape, verandas are rectangular, square, semicircular. Sometimes there are modern verandas in the form of a hexagon or polyhedron..

Depending on the purpose, verandas are divided into open and closed. The first option is relevant when the veranda will be used only in the summer season. Closed verandas are summer – unheated and winter, which can be operated all year round..

If you plan to build an open veranda, then the walls in it can be shrubs, trees, and for the manufacture of the roof it is enough to use polycarbonate. If you plan to build a veranda, which is located near a wooden house, then we advise you to use a tree for its manufacture. Thus, it will be possible to achieve harmony between the veranda and the main building..

How to build a veranda to a wooden house correctly: construction technology

Work on the construction of the veranda should begin with the choice of a place for its construction and with the creation of a project for the future building. If you plan to build a veranda attached to the house (this option is the most common), then, therefore, at the beginning, you need to decide on the section of the house to which the veranda will be attached.

First of all, we recommend staying at the section of the house on which there is a door to enter the room. However, in its absence, you can equip the doorway yourself.

Also, we recommend equipping the veranda on the south side, then, even in winter, it will naturally be heated with the help of sunlight. The standard option is to build a veranda in front of the front door, so it will serve as a so-called terrace – a place for meeting guests and for relaxing with them..

Also, when choosing a place for the veranda, you should pay attention to the landscapes that will be visible from its window. Try to avoid the veranda resting against an adjacent building, fence or outbuildings. It is preferable if the garden or flower garden is visible from it..

The next step in planning a veranda to a wooden house will be the choice of its design. There are several ways to plan a veranda:

  • independent drawing up of drawings;
  • individual selection of a project by experienced specialists;
  • search for finished projects.

The first option is the most budgetary, but it takes a lot of time and some experience in the construction industry. In order to find a finished project, you should also take the time. In addition, it is impossible to use the same building project for different houses, since each site has its own individual characteristics. Therefore, the easiest and most reliable way is to contact specialists. They will help not only plan the veranda in accordance with your desires, but also calculate the amount of material required for its construction, the depth of the foundation and other subtleties..

It is preferable if the exterior of the veranda will have the same finish as the main building. Thus, it will be possible to achieve a certain harmony and attractiveness in the exterior..

Next, you should contact certain services, in which the veranda project will be duly legalized. This action is not necessary for all private houses; you should inquire about the need to perform it in the housing services. Please note that in some situations, it will take more than one month to obtain a construction permit, so everything must be planned in advance..

After that, the process of buying materials for work follows and directly building a veranda to a wooden house with your own hands or with the involvement of specialists.

How to build a veranda to a wooden house

The initial stage of construction work involves the preparation of a site for a veranda. To do this, level the base on which the extension will be erected, clean it of debris and markup for making the foundation.

The depth of the foundation that is being erected under the veranda should be exactly the same as the foundation of the main building. Only in this way will it be possible to ensure their integrity and harmony during operation. It is not recommended to link two buildings into one single building. Since the load from the veranda is much less than from the house. Therefore, the foundation and the degree of its shrinkage will be different for them. It is necessary to provide a small gap between the foundation of the building and the veranda, literally 5 cm. It is possible to build both a strip and a columnar foundation.

The choice of one or another option depends on many factors, among them the type of soil, the size of the building, etc. If the soil on the site is heaving, then it is better to give preference to a columnar foundation. If the soil contains a large number of clay and sandy inclusions, then you can stop at the tape. We recommend that you focus on the type of foundation that was erected under the main building, and do the same for the veranda.

In order to build a frame-type veranda or a wooden structure, it is not necessary to fill in a strip foundation, since it is more suitable for buildings with a large weight. An excellent option for a wooden veranda will be a columnar foundation. We recommend using brickwork and corner posts as a pillar..

First, you should dig holes in which the laying will be made. Their minimum depth is about 100 cm. Please note that if the size of the veranda is small, then it is enough to install only four corner posts, otherwise, the number of posts should be increased.

Instructions for the construction of a veranda of wooden houses, and in particular for equipping a columnar foundation with your own hands:

  • make holes for the posts, their minimum depth is 100 cm;
  • first equip each of the pits with a sand pillow, for this, fill it with sand, up to 15 cm thick, tamp it well;
  • then make the same layer of rubble;
  • make a concrete mortar and pour it into the pits with a layer of 15 cm;
  • wait until the concrete grasps, then lay out brick posts, their height should be less than the final floor by 300 mm;
  • for waterproofing the foundation, each of the pillars is covered with bituminous mastic;
  • to remove gaps between the posts and the ground, we recommend filling the base with sand.

How to attach a veranda to a wooden house with your own hands

The construction of the veranda should be started from the walls. If a tree is still used for the construction of the veranda, then first of all, its lower strapping should be performed. The bars are connected using a straight lock. After laying the second row, the log and vertical struts are cut in, ensuring the rigidity of the structure. The whole structure is connected to a single wall using nails or staples.

Please note that the supporting vertical struts are spaced at intervals of half a meter. This distance is the most optimal to ensure the strength of the structure. The rafter system and the upper roof trim are also mounted on the racks..

There are two types of structures that are used as racks:

  • whole bars;
  • connecting two boards together.

In order to fix the rafters, it is recommended to use beams; anchor bolts are used to fix it with the rack. Please note that the roof of the veranda should be well combined with the wall or roof of the main building, otherwise, there is a risk of moisture getting into the veranda during rains.

The next stage is the arrangement of the floor. The best option is the construction of a wooden floor. However, if the veranda will be used in the winter season, then proper heat and waterproofing of the floor should also be performed..

Instructions for arranging a wooden floor in the veranda:

  • a layer of insulation should be installed between the ground and the boards, which will provide proper thermal insulation;
  • the best option is backfilling with bulk materials such as expanded clay;
  • then the foundation part of the building is covered with roofing material, at least in two layers;
  • the next stage involves fixing the lag on the surface and performing the flooring of the boards.

Further finishing of the floor is carried out in accordance with the individual needs of the owners.

Tip: All wooden parts of the veranda must be pre-treated with antiseptics, which will protect them from the harmful effects of the environment and make the veranda more durable in use.

For the construction of a veranda of wooden houses, you should first of all take care of the construction of the frame. To do this, install the bars and connect them together using a direct lock. Next, the racks are installed and the top strapping is made using a bar. After that, a rafter system is installed and, if necessary, the walls of the veranda are constructed. Do not forget that the veranda is a very bright room with a lot of windows. It is possible to install French windows, which occupy the entire length of the wall. Choosing what to cover the roof. Focus on the finishing material of the roof of the house itself. However, some lovers of extraordinary solutions cover the roof with transparent finishing materials, thus, the sun completely enters the room..

The installation of the rafter system during the extension of the veranda of a wooden house is carried out in relation to the upper strapping or racks. To fix the roofing material on the roof, it is recommended to use a wooden lathing. The step of laying the boards is determined in relation to the type of materials for roofing. If the veranda will serve as a living space that is heated in winter, then we recommend that you definitely perform a number of works aimed at waterproofing and thermal insulation of the roof.

If roll materials are used for roof finishing, then the sheathing should be solid. When the flooring is attached to the surface, try to completely sink the nail heads. Nails are also used to fix the roll material, and to provide additional fixation, we recommend using slats. When choosing the type of roof, preference should be given to a pitched or inclined structure. So the problem of snow or rain accumulation won’t bother you..

After the manufacture of the floor, walls and roof, the stage of installing windows and doors in the veranda follows. First, the window sill boards are installed, which are fixed at a distance of about half a meter from the floor. The option of arranging solid glazing is possible.

The fixing of the window sill boards is carried out on the support post of the frame structure. Use clapboard, wood or other alternative materials to finish the gap between the window and the floor surface. If the veranda is going to be a summer one, then do only external decoration. Otherwise, the walls should be insulated before interior finishing. The ideal option is foam or mineral wool. The place where the front door will be located is chosen in accordance with the personal preferences of the owners of the veranda. Its type and shape depends on the design of the house itself and the veranda attached to it. When we attach a veranda to a wooden house, we should carefully consider all the smallest details and, first of all, describe them in the construction project.