When arranging suburban home ownership, a reliable fence and entrance gate are very important. This is both the first impression of the owners of the house from the street side, and the guarantee of the safety of the property. Most of the work on a suburban area is very costly, so developers try to do everything that is available with their own hands, for example, swing gates with a wicket. This is not only much more economical than contacting specialists, but also a subject of special pride for a home craftsman..
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In a private house, you cannot do without entrance and garage gates, if you have your own transport. But it is so difficult to decide which type of gate design is most suitable. Of course, when walking into the courtyard, you cannot do without a wicket, so metal swing gates with a wicket are the most popular. But there are many great options, but it is important to first decide:
- how the gate and wicket must be closed;
- what material will be made of;
- what finishing elements will receive.
The entrance gates control all movements into the courtyard, therefore, they are often equipped with automatic control and a video surveillance system. The modern market provides great opportunities for choice:
- building materials;
- ready-made structures;
- gate electronics.
The gates are akin to a business card – they can be used to assess the hospitality of the owners, their material level and creative approach to business. It is no secret that the gate is made for 10-25 years, and it is better when they are impressive and decorated. The main types of gates:
- entrance and garage;
- simple and elite;
- welded and sectional;
- lifting, sliding and swinging;
- roller shutters or roller shutters;
- solid and openwork;
- sectional doors with a wicket;
- with attachments and forging.
Sectional doors are usually chosen for the garage, as they can be conveniently opened with a remote control. They are compact – they do not require much space during use; additionally, they can be equipped with a wicket. And their sheet structure is easy to clean and repair. They rise and roll like rolls at the top. Rolling shutters are becoming the most popular.
Sliding gates are most convenient in that they take up a minimum of space – they roll to the side along a guide along a wall or fence. When arranging a private household, reliable gates with decorative overlays and control systems are used. For example, metal sliding gates with a wicket, photo:
Hinged – open outwards or in the yard, and therefore require enough space when opening. Swinging metal gates with a wicket are the easiest to make and install yourself, due to the simplicity of the design. These are 2 parallel columns on which the hinged leaves of the gate are hung. They do not differ in constructive know-how, therefore they are often used in dacha cooperatives or in an industrial zone..
The most expensive are elite gates, which are made to order in specialized firms. They are made of different materials, for example, and from plates with an embossed pattern. Customers are given the opportunity to choose such gates from the catalog, and the price of the order includes their installation and control. Also, the designer can offer an individual sketch, taking into account the general style of the estate. For example, gates and wickets – photo:
The material for the manufacture of the gate ensures the durability of the gate and the degree of security of the home ownership. The overall design of the fence and the entire yard depends on this. In any case, you cannot do without supporting pillars and the frame structure of the gate, and there must also be enough space for the entrance gate in their opening. Grilles or panels made of any material are sewn onto the frame doors of the gate:
- wooden shields;
- galvanized sheet;
- forged lattices;
- black sheet metal;
- corrugated board with a plastic coating;
- welded structures;
- sandwich panels.
Interesting options are possible in the manufacture of forging, welding or forging gates and wickets with ready-made overhead elements. Wooden gates are made on a metal frame or completely on a wood base. This requires dry hardwood, treated with an antiseptic and primer before painting or varnishing with a compound for outdoor use..
To protect metal gates from corrosion, the following are used:
- powder coated;
- special varnishes and paints for outdoor use.
Of course, you can work the old fashioned way and not use modern materials and high quality wood. On the other hand, a significant amount of money will have to be allocated for the manufacture and installation of any type of swing gate with a wicket, and it makes sense to do it with the highest quality.
Attention: The most difficult thing when installing a gate is to exclude the tilt of the support columns and the sagging of the leaves. This will eliminate spontaneous opening, squeaking and jamming..
Experts say that swing gates are not only the simplest, but also the most reliable. They have many advantages:
- ease of use;
- elementary management;
- most suitable for self-assembly;
- optimal adjustment of locks;
- the ability to make design changes.
The disadvantages include enough space for opening the doors and problematic opening in case of snow drifts, especially if it is a garage door with a wicket. But a simple frame structure can change its content, making it easy to change the appearance of the gate:
- add forging;
- sheathe with wood;
- make a solid metal backdrop behind forging or lattice;
- complement decorative painting or spraying.
In horticultural associations, in most cases, wooden gates with a wicket of various types are used. If you have your own transport, then you need an entrance gate with a width of at least 3 m – to ensure free entry of a car. Standard swing gates with a wicket will do. Private households use wider “farm gates” or multi-section walkways.
Single-leaf gates with a wicket are 3 support columns with horizontal and vertical crossbeams in the form of a frame structure. Since the load on the garage sash and the wicket door is not the same, it is better to weld the hinges on the wicket to the outer column, and the gates themselves to the inner one. Wooden shields are sewn onto these beams..
Double-leaf gates without a wicket are most often symmetrical sections that are easy to install. However, it is more difficult to open them at the entrance than a wicket, even if only one leaf is used. In this case, the metal latch serves as a lock and a joint of the bundles. A significant drawback with a short latch – it may not withstand an onslaught, and the gate will open.
1. The entrance garden gate delimits the boundaries of the plot and can be used without a gate. It is not necessary to make such a full-length wooden gate, it is enough to restrict the passage of cattle into the garden about 1 meter high.
2. The side gate is constructed separately from the entrance gate, this is an additional passage to the site from the other side. It is needed, for example, to get out to the river or to the other side of the street. A self-contained gate should be massive enough and reliable, but not attracting attention to itself. Usually it is made like a solid fence to which it adjoins.
When constructing wooden gates, the main thing is to dig in the columns deeper, sprinkle them with gravel and secure them in the ground. Next, be sure to check the vertical with a plumb line, after which you can nail hinges and hang the gate leaves or wickets. The lock or latch is fitted on the finished bundles, and it is better to adjust the latch at the end.
For self-production of gates and wickets from corrugated board, you will need a base for the sashes. You will need a prepared work site, where workpieces for welding are laid out – parts from a metal corner and finishing elements.
With the help of a level, the vertical and horizontal flaps are verified, after which welding is performed. It is advisable to reinforce the flaps with a piece of profiled pipe in order to give the entire structure additional rigidity. This is a guarantee that the gate will not “drive” under load.
Attention: When using decorative overlays, do not forget that this is additional weight!
Self-made gate leaves and wickets must be welded to the hinges, which are first attached to the support columns. Each leaf is welded separately, but it is necessary to make a small gap so that the metal parts of the gate do not “rub”, preventing each other from opening. A gap of about 2 cm easily prevents the leaves from jamming.
To install a wicket gate with a corrugated board gate you will need:
- steel corner;
- profiled pipe;
- sheets of corrugated board, due to the drawing;
- sand and cement;
- fine and medium crushed stone to strengthen the columns.
1. The quality of the installation of the columns determines the reliability of the installation of the entire structure. Strong supports – reliable operation of gates and wickets. For self-installation, you will need 1-2 helpers or technicians to hold the columns. They start by installing the support on which the wicket is attached, and the rest of the measurements are taken from the wicket. Immediately decide whether the gate will be on the right or on the left – it depends on the location of the path in the yard.
A hole of about 1 m is dug under the column with a hole drill, that is, not less than the depth of freezing of the soil, and in the northern regions it is desirable even more. Given these circumstances, metal supports are cut from the pipe with a margin. Sand and crushed stone are poured at the bottom of the finished pit, tamping to make a “pillow” up to 20 cm. Then the column is inserted vertically into the hole, sprinkled with rubble and poured with mortar.
Sometimes the gates are limited at the edges with brick pillars, which must be done on the foundation and in accordance with all the rules, having thought over the method of fastening the gate. The base made of profiled pipe is the easiest one for self-assembly, especially if it is a wicket door for sectional doors.
Fine crushed stone, cement and sand are mixed by adding water to fill the column in the pit. It is important to fill in portions and tamp to avoid air cushions. Upon completion of the pouring of the support, the verticality is checked using a plumb line. Corrections are possible until the solution has hardened, and if you do not attach importance to this, then there will be distortions of the gate, they will spontaneously open or jam.
The rest of the columns are installed in the same way, but if the wicket is mounted separately, adjacent to the main structure, it is advisable to hang it on a separate column. The finished structure of the gate leaves is sheathed with corrugated sheets. Holes are made around the perimeter to fix the sheets to the frame structure with self-tapping screws. If desired, the gate can be painted with contrasting shades. The “gilding”, “bronzing” or silverware on a black background looks very exquisite.
Advice: When sheathing the gate with metal sheets, it is better to carry out welding work separately, on a prepared site, removing the shutters from the hinges. In finished form, they are hung on the columns..
Accessories for finishing wickets and gates:
- hinge (metal strip);
- overhead T-loops;
- double-sided hinges;
- latches and latches;
- hooks, latches and other locking parts.
Attention: It is advisable to provide an entrance gate with a wicket with a bell connected to the house, therefore it will be necessary to bring in an electric cable. Power supply is also required for remote control of the gate.
The most common gate control systems:
- manual drive.
The control system can be ordered additionally, for example, provide useful options such as manual emergency opening. It is necessary if there is no electricity. It is very convenient to have additional lighting, especially if the gate is often used at night. For garage doors, a remote control panel with sensors and control options is more convenient.