The technology for creating a hidden floor hatch includes several stages: the selection and acquisition of materials, preparation of tools, drawing up a drawing and directly – the construction of a structure. The basic requirements for the arrangement of the Lyada and the step-by-step progress of the work are described in the article.
The presence of a basement in the country or in a private house has a number of undeniable advantages. The utility room expands the usable area and provides a warm, dry floor covering on the ground floor. The disadvantage of a cellar is an increase in the cost of construction. Sometimes the cost of building a basement reaches ¼ the total estimate for the construction of the entire house. Some people try to save money by doing some of the work on their own..
Basement arrangement implies the organization of a separate or built-in entrance. It can be a regular door or a lada (hatch in the field). If the basement is located in a residential building, then a hidden hatch is placed. To do the work yourself, you need to think about everything in advance, taking into account the basic requirements for hidden structures of this type.
It is easier to choose a ready-made hatch structure, and install it yourself. There are models of different sizes and types on the market. It will turn out to find an option that is best suited for laminate, tile or linoleum. Depending on the method of opening the door to the basement, there are three types:
If the floor is lined with tiles, laminate or other finishing material, then to create a hidden hatch into the basement with your own hands, you need to choose filled aluminum or steel structures. Such an instance is a shallow rectangular container. After installation, the frame is filled with concrete, after complete drying, the surface is revetted.
Important! The concrete hatch is heavy and therefore requires the use of massive hinges and strong fasteners. A well-designed steel structure is capable of withstanding a weight over 1 ton.
For the implementation of the project, you can use wood or metal. In this matter, it is important to maintain a reasonable balance between the weight of the structure and its strength. When creating a hatch made of wood, boards with a thickness of 2.5 mm are often used. The top trim of the cover is made with 1 cm plywood. With the help of transverse slats, the boards are connected to each other, forming a solid canvas. To extend the service life, the wooden door must be treated with linseed oil..
The construction of a solid metal hatch is made of steel sheets 3-4 mm thick. Foam or expanded polystyrene foam is used as a heater.
An important aspect of the convenient use of the cellar hatch is the correctly selected handle and hinges. An ordinary doorknob will not work for these purposes, since it will rise above the floor level and cause inconvenience when walking. It is best to use fold-down handles that can be lowered or raised easily. If there are young children in the house, then it is advisable to install removable models. Some craftsmen in wooden hatches often cut out recesses and place secret handles in them..
When making hinged lids, you will need hinges. This can be from conventional models of door hinges or from the hood of a car. When installing hinges for hidden hatches with your own hands, you need to take into account some of the nuances:
- it is better to use products with springs – this will provide easier opening of heavy covers;
- hinges from the car fix the hatch in the open position, which eliminates the possibility of the cellar door slamming.
Important! For a hidden hatch, you need to take mortise hinges. If the mounted models are tiled from above with a laminate or tile, then subsequently such a structure cannot be repaired..
Ordinary hinges are not suitable for an aluminum or steel cover. Here you need to use gas shock absorbers.
To make metal hidden inspection hatches with your own hands, you will need the following materials and tools:
- sheet metal (steel) with a thickness of 3-4 mm and 1 mm;
- metal corner – 4-5 cm;
- Door hinges;
- thermal insulation material;
- rubber compressor;
- primer for metal processing;
- welding machine, electrodes;
- electric drill;
- self-tapping screws.
The assembly diagram of the metal hatch is presented below..
General order of work execution:
Metal floor hatch in the garage: video.
It is necessary to develop a sketch of the future structure in advance. The hidden floor hatch (drawing by hand) should schematically display the main parameters of the structure:
- box dimensions (length, width);
- the thickness of the opening and the frame used;
- placement of hinges on the cover and hatch opening.
DIY hidden hatch for tiles: drawings
The first step is to take care of the evenness of the floor, in which the hidden hatch will be placed. The entire alignment process is carried out in several stages:
After the concrete solution has completely hardened, it is necessary to try on the hatch by attaching it to the opening. At this stage, it is advisable to perform a preliminary layout of the tiles. Tiling starts from the corner of the wall, located in the most conspicuous place. Trimming and laying of tile material when finishing a niche is carried out only after the final installation of the hatch frame.
Before installing the frame, the location of the hatch should look something like this.
The design of the ends of the opening is performed in the following order:
For the manufacture of a hidden hatch for a tile with your own hands, a galvanized steel case with couplings for installing handles is used. Fittings are placed in a metal box, the frame is filled with concrete, and on top the tiles are laid flush with the ends of the lid.
Finishing involves grouting the tile joints and installing removable handles.
Do-it-yourself hidden hatch for tiles: video.
To facilitate the lifting of the heavy hatch door and protect the basement from the penetration of thieves, the hatch can be equipped with automatic equipment. The easiest way is to build a folding mechanism. To make it, you need to prepare:
- electric motor;
- duralumin pipe;
- steel sheet;
- steel rods;
- welding machine;
- toggle switch (switch) for 3 positions;
- presence of a current source.
The mechanism is mounted on a ready-made hinged cover, the opening angle of the hatch will be less than 90 °. The principle of operation is as follows: a signal from the remote control is sent to the electric motor, driving the shaft. The rod rises 80 ° and the device locks the hatch open. The second toggle switch gives an impulse through the control panel and starts reverse thrust on the motor. The rod goes down and pulls the door behind it.
A hidden hatch is a practical option for arranging a basement entrance. The cover and lifting mechanism must be safe and easy to use. You will be able to create a hatch with your own hands, without the involvement of expensive equipment and the help of professionals.