Construction of houses

Country house with your own hands

More and more residents of large cities today strive to leave the city apartment and move away from the frantic rhythm. Some just spend the weekend in nature and organize picnics. But most dream of a place where they can constantly come – their own dacha. But people do not live by dreams alone, and they try to make some of their dreams come true. Those who have approached the issue of their country residence thoroughly, in turn, will be divided into two conditional groups. Representatives of the first of them simply collect money to buy a house. Others are building a country house with their own hands.

Table of contents:

Construction start

Even the simplest construction is a whole complex of works. And many developers, taking into account all the hassle of such events, are subconsciously afraid to start it. First of all, what needs to be done is to push yourself forward. As soon as the place for the foundation is determined, the first bricks are laid, or a crushed stone dump truck is simply brought in – the construction of the country house has begun, and now there is nowhere to go.

The second important step that needs to be worked out properly is the determination of the time that you will devote to construction. After all, many are well aware of situations when a construction once begun is waiting for completion for decades. Experienced summer residents advise starting the construction of a small country house with a fence.

Do not assume that since there is no house on the site, then there is nothing to steal. Any construction requires building material. Just imagine how annoying it is to come to the country house and find that the building material has disappeared. Agree, not a pleasant situation. Therefore, before starting the construction of a country house, it is worth fencing your site.

Construction requirements

To build a country house yourself, you need to know a few rules. When choosing a site, one should pay attention to environmental safety, relief, configuration, accessibility of transport routes, orientation of the land plot to the cardinal points, development on neighboring sites and provision of infrastructure.

If all of the above factors are present, then it is recommended to start drawing up a development plan, according to which it is planned to build a country house with your own hands at your discretion. In this case, you must comply with the following requirements:

If you recall in short, the main methods of building a country house are as follows: construction from logs, frame-panel construction, construction from bricks or other block materials, monolithic construction.

Materials for work

So, when you decide to build a country house with your own hands, think about how it will look in the future. The appearance of any building depends largely on the material that is planned to be used in the construction of the walls. It’s up to you to choose artificial or natural materials. But remember that the construction material, in addition to design, depends on the comfort, safety and durability of the building, as well as the economy when carrying out repairs..

The tree has a huge advantage over modern finishes, or rather, environmental friendliness. However, instead of feeling “natural” and fragrant smell, this material requires a lot of attention and care from the owners. Do-it-yourself wooden country house made of logs or paving stones is called a classic of the genre.

Another common option is a stone country house, which is lined with traditional bricks. Such buildings look more solid, reliable and original, and also have good fire safety. The advantage of bricks over a wooden frame is the possibility of constructing walls of any configuration with niches and ledges, while the frame has a standard rectangular or square shape..

Progress does not stand still, therefore modern economical and practical building materials are often used in the construction of houses. These include aerated concrete, aerated concrete, aerated concrete, expanded clay concrete and polystyrene concrete. All of the listed materials are blocks and differ from each other in size, density, weight, frost resistance, vapor permeability, strength, cost of material and construction work, as well as service life.

Construction options

Making a choice of layout and method of building a small country house is not as easy as it might seem at first glance. Having decided on the number of storeys and sizes, you can think about the construction method and layout. The exact sequence of work is of great importance for the desired result..

First, the supports are assembled into a single structure, then they are installed in the pits and concreted. Our future country house is a structure of racks that is sheathed on both sides with boards and has a layer of thermal insulation in the middle. For a house you will need beams, thin and thick boards, beams, planks and slats. In order for the house to be suitable for summer holidays and winter living, it should be thoroughly insulated..

Due to its practicality, simplicity and accessibility, projects of country houses with verandas, including the design documentation of two-story buildings, are most popular today. Such a small extension will be inexpensive, but it is quite convenient: here you can relax on a warm summer evening and drink coffee. And the veranda is also useful in terms of storage, because there are things that are undesirable to store in a residential building..

Attach or not attach a veranda? This is often solved by looking at the neighbors’ garden houses. In general, the veranda is a classic attribute of any country house, the owners of which love coziness, convenience and pleasant pastime..

Foundation

Even for such a small building as a country house, you need a foundation that you can make with your own hands. To build a country house with your own hands, you need a flat area measuring 4 by 4 meters, from which you need to remove all the debris, after which the bushes should be uprooted. After that, you can deal with the foundation. For the foundation, it is customary to dig holes with a depth of 70 centimeters. They should be wide – more than 30 by 30 centimeters.

In this case, it is good to use concrete blocks that are installed on a sand and gravel pad, which has a height of 20 centimeters. To erect such a foundation, foundation blocks must be installed in the corners of the country house, and additional blocks must be placed between the corner blocks – every 1-1.5 meters. Blocks need to be leveled. The depth to which it is customary to deepen into the ground should reach 10-15 centimeters.

Contrary to popular belief that the foundation of a wooden structure cannot be made of wood, you can rest assured that this is not at all the case. The only thing, before laying a wooden foundation, is to make sure that the wooden parts that are buried in the ground are well treated with an antiseptic and covered with a layer of bitumen. This will be enough for a wooden country house to serve for many years..

If the house is planned to be built on an uneven surface, then you will need to create a high foundation in some places. In this situation, it is recommended to use another block, having previously strengthened it with cement or cement-based glue..

Floor insulation

They insulate the floor of the country house in the following order. Plates of extruded polystyrene foam must be sawn and laid between the floor joists. A vapor barrier should be laid out on top of the slabs, attaching it with a stapler to the beams, and gluing the joints with tape.

Then it is necessary to lay the grooved boards, connecting the ridges and grooves in series and securing them with self-tapping screws. Saw off the last board to the required width. Remove the comb from the first board.

Walling

For the walls of a country house, it is recommended to choose a bar that has a cross section of 6 by 12 centimeters. This material is able to withstand the large weight of the future roof. In addition, with a similar thickness of the timber, there is enough space for internal insulation (6 centimeters). Such a beam is able to provide reliable support for double-sided skin, which has a thickness of 12 centimeters..

The walls of a house are made up of layers such as a frame, vapor barrier foil and interior cladding. The vapor barrier film must be placed on the inside of the insulation to avoid the greenhouse effect. To speed up construction, you need to watch a video about a country house with your own hands. Wall panels with layers must be assembled in advance – they are easier to install and align ready-made.

When connecting different layers of the wall, it is necessary to do all the work with an accuracy of one millimeter, because the walls in any case should be strictly rectangular. Thanks to the right-angled sawing of the large-format slabs, the alignment can be carried out without much difficulty. The wall thickness reaches 9 centimeters. Subsequently, sheathing and sheathing will be added to it.

It is more convenient to start the installation of the country house from the rear longitudinal wall. The braces screwed to the wall and floor will hold it vertically. It is customary to insert windows into the transverse walls before the front longitudinal wall is installed, which is butt-fitted to the side walls. It is best to assemble walls horizontally. This allows frames and OSB boards to be moved with an accuracy of one millimeter and do without additional fixation and support..

Roof installation

In the photo of a country house with your own hands, a simple single-pitched roof is represented by seven rafters, which rest directly on the back and front longitudinal walls. Since later the roof can be greened, the structure should be made durable.

To do without a large deflection of the rafters, it is recommended to increase their thickness to 16 centimeters, or reduce the interval between them. If you chose the second path, then it is worth installing the usual 6 by 12 centimeters rafters with an interval of 57 centimeters.

First, calculate the distance between the rafters. To do this, measure the top edge of the longitudinal walls. Then you can lay the rafters. To prevent the outer rafters from tipping over, fix them with steel corners. The sheathing will fix the middle rafters. Attach the vapor barrier from below by pulling it across the rafters and fixing it with a stapler every 15 centimeters.

Leave generous overlaps on the walls around the perimeter. After finishing the veneer, cut the film exactly around the perimeter. Saw the OSB board from the bottom to size. After that, the prepared parts need to sheathe the ceiling and walls. Place thermal insulation between the rafters and install tongue-and-groove boards, which must be screwed with two screws to each rafter.

Pay attention to the following point: so that the country house can be used all year round, insulate the roof. The insulation that will fit between the rafters must be cut to size, which is equal to the distance between the rafters and one more centimeter. This allowance allows you to “squeeze” the gap between the rafters of a strip of mineral wool.

Facade finishing

Although OSB boards are technically difficult to beat, they will look unattractive without finishing. In this case, you can sheathe the walls with tongue-and-groove boards. The country house will look prettier, and the presence of an air gap behind the cladding will ensure the walls are dry.

Why are tongue-and-groove boards considered a good solution for external cladding? The fact is that the groove-ridge connection is able to reliably protect the house from moisture and wind, which is beyond the power of end-to-end OSB boards. This surface will be easier to paint. In addition, the graceful structure of the grooved board will visually give the country house greater harmony..

Outside, the tongue-and-groove board must be placed strictly vertically, because vertical seams are considered less accessible for rainwater to enter and accumulate. If you prefer horizontal sheathing, then it is worth making sure that the grooves of the boards are directed down.

There is another option for decorating a country house – to paint it. For coating, it is better to purchase facade paint – its elastic structure perfectly withstands the summer heat. To avoid bleeding through the wood resin paint, the boards must first be primed and then topcoated..

Internal work

A country house is usually divided into 2 parts: 75% is occupied by a living area, and the remaining square meters is an area for a storage room and a bathroom. Do-it-yourself construction of a country house presupposes the presence of two windows: a small one in the pantry and a full-fledged one in the room. Therefore, it is advisable to insulate the country house. Inside, the room must be insulated with mineral wool, and a vapor barrier can be laid on top so that the insulation does not get wet.

It is not necessary to vaporize the floor of the room, you can simply cover it with linoleum. You can use drywall or lining for interior wall decoration. If you plan to work with drywall, then it is recommended to build a stronger foundation, because the construction will turn out to be heavier..

Ceiling insulation is similar to walls. It is best to lay insulation on top, because laying from below is a very complex process. Outside the house, you can lay a vapor-permeable waterproofing and fill a crate under the outer sheathing, for which it is customary to use a board of 25 x 150 millimeters, and the installation itself is overlapped.

House heating

To use a country house all year round, you need to take care of heating. In principle, for a suburban area, where you rarely have to live, heating on electricity or solid fuel is the best option. However, developers who plan to live there permanently can also make water heating. If in winter you leave the house for a long time, you will have to pour not ordinary water into the heating system, but a coolant with antifreeze properties.

The simplest heating option is still a traditional Russian stove or fireplace: they are capable of quickly heating a room and are undemanding to fuel. Not all dacha cooperatives can boast of the presence of natural gas, so the best solution would be to install a gas convector.

Change house

During construction work, you can live in a change house. Although not always, but often there is a need to spend the night somewhere! And in general, it is convenient for storing construction and garden tools and equipment. A mobile wagon shed, which can be sold after the completion of construction, perfectly copes with such tasks..

Another option is to find half a railroad car or an old container. These makeshift cabins were actively used immediately after the collapse of the USSR, many models are still in use today. The garage will be the ideal solution for storing inventory and things! By the way, if necessary, you can spend the night in it..

And finally, I would like to remind you that you can build a country house with your own hands inexpensively! When building a garden house, in any case, do not rush. Although such a construction process does not require a serious project, it is still worth enlisting such documentation – as they say, not for a tick, but in order to build a comfortable and durable house.