Climate

What are the heating convectors

Efficient heating of housing with a minimum of waste is a completely natural desire for every owner. If you are still in search of suitable heating equipment, be sure to pay attention to convectors – reliable, easy-to-use, safe devices. Progressive Europe has been using them to heat apartments and offices for decades. And, it should be noted, very successfully – numerous studies have proven that heating costs with convectors are reduced by 30-40%.

What is a heating convector? This is a device in which heat from a heat carrier or a heating element is transferred into the room according to the principle of convection. As you know, cold air is heavier and denser than warm air, so it is always at the bottom of the room. “Contacting” with a hot heat exchanger located inside the body of the device, the cold air mass heats up and begins to move upward. Thus, the “activated” convector continuously creates a stream of warm air, due to which the room is heated..

Some convector models can be equipped with a built-in fan, which increases the air flow rate, and, therefore, significantly increases the heating efficiency..

Types of convectors

By the way of installation, convectors are divided into:

  • wall-mounted;
  • floor;
  • universal;
  • built-in;
  • skirting.

Depending on the heating method, devices can be:

  • electric;
  • gas;
  • water.

Convection in such devices can be:

  • natural (no fan);
  • forced (with fan).

What is the preferred installation type?

The wall-mounted convector is the equipment that is most often chosen for heating. It takes up a minimum of space and fits securely to any suitable vertical surface. The optimal solution would be to install such a device under the window – here it will be able to create the most “powerful” thermal curtain and will look quite harmonious.

Floor samples usually differ from wall ones only by the presence of special legs for installation on a horizontal surface..

The main common advantage of both wall-mounted and floor-standing convector models is their ease of installation..

If, for a number of reasons, the purchase of equipment must be made immediately, and you cannot decide on the place of its installation, it is best to opt for “universal” convectors. Such devices can be either hung on the wall or installed in any convenient place on the legs or wheels supplied with them..

Built-in floor convectors can become a modern and stylish solution for heating rooms with a large area (in particular, in “heavily glazed” buildings, when, for example, there is simply nowhere to attach a wall model). Visually, they are decorative grilles built into the floor, from which an intense flow of warm air “emanates”. But everything just looks only at first glance. In fact, such units require special niches, which are organized even at the stage of arranging the floors. It is very difficult to perform such a job qualitatively without a certain baggage of knowledge and skills. In addition, it takes a lot of time..

It is worth noting that “integrated” heating devices can be not only trenchless – there are convectors that can be successfully “hidden” in the decoration of the room – in plinths, window sills, understairs niches. Skirting-style devices are currently the hottest trend in convection heating. The cost of such a solution is far from budgetary, however, due to the fact that interesting developments from domestic manufacturers have appeared on the market, it is not at all difficult to choose the best option for the family budget..

Electric convectors – hit of sales

Electric convectors are affordable and extremely simple to design. They do not require complex piping or gas supply with all the “bonus” complications (design, delivery to supervisory services) – and, as a result, are most popular.

Structurally, the device of this type is a metal case in which a heating element – a heating element – is “enclosed”. The entire surface of the heating element is equipped with plates or it is completely placed in an aluminum casing – this is necessary to increase the heat transfer surface area.

The process of heating by an electric convector is carried out in the following way: through a small grate located at the bottom of the device, cold air is “passed” to the heating element; there it heats up to a predetermined temperature value and, rising, comes out through the upper “louvers”.

Pros of using:

  • democratic price of the convector;
  • ease of installation;
  • ease of use;
  • high efficiency;
  • noiselessness;
  • compactness;
  • no need for special maintenance.

Cons of using:

  • decrease in efficiency over time;
  • significant electricity consumption;
  • ineffective in rooms with a large area;
  • not always suitable for the role of the main source of heating.

Water units and their advantages

Water convectors are a great alternative to obsolete batteries and radiators. They function perfectly as part of an autonomous heating system for an apartment or a country house. These units consist of:

  • cases (stainless steel box);
  • heat exchanger (copper pipe, which has fins made of aluminum plates of improved profile to increase heat transfer);
  • protective grill cover (usually or decorative);
  • connection nodes;
  • air vent valve.

Worth knowing! Floor convectors for hot water heating are non-separable units made as a single unit.

To effectively control the intensity of heating the air in the room, all modern water convectors are equipped with air dampers. The equipment can be connected to any type of supply pipes – from any materials, with any diameter.

Pros of using:

  • fast heating;
  • high efficiency;
  • light weight;
  • security;
  • compact size.

Cons of using:

  • labor intensity of installation;
  • high price.

Gas installations – why are they good?

A gas convector is perhaps the most economical device of all convector-type heaters, which allows you to be completely independent of the “whims” of the electrical network (except for models with a fan).

Pros of using:

  • the highest heating efficiency;
  • affordable price;
  • small expenses for payment for heating.

Cons of using:

  • according to the aesthetical owners – bulky appearance;
  • labor intensity of installation;
  • paperwork before installation;
  • the use of explosive gas requires utmost vigilance during installation and operation.

Important! Gas heating equipment can be “powered” not only from the gas network, but also from the cylinder.

Convector with fan – the smart choice

Electric, water and gas convectors can be equipped with fans. Is this a useful “bonus”? Definitely. It allows you to make the process of heating premises more comfortable, profitable and efficient..

Firstly, the fan significantly increases the heat transfer of the device – this is due to the more intensive supply of air to the heat exchanger and, accordingly, from it. Experts’ calculations prove that a convector with a fan raises the temperature in the room to comfortable values ​​many times faster..

Secondly, the fan cools the heat exchanger. This function directly affects the durability of the entire device. It is no secret that water and, especially, powerful gas units are capable of very strongly heating the heat exchanger casing. And high temperature is the risk of sudden destruction of any material: and no protective coating will save you. The operation of the fan heater reduces the load on the heat exchanger and significantly increases its service life.

Worth knowing! If the design of the convector includes a fan, it means that the device is “electrically dependent”.

How not to make a mistake when buying?

Before you go to the store for the convector, you need to clearly define your capabilities and desires and objectively assess the conditions in the house (apartment). If gas is supplied to the building, and you need constant heating, the best solution would be to buy a gas convector. If the gas is not supplied or there is no need for a stationary system, it is best to give preference to electrical samples..

As for the choice of a specific model, you need to focus first of all, no matter how corny it may sound, to the brand. If the build quality of the product and the price are completely satisfactory for you, you can safely pay for the product you like.!