Ceilings

How to update an old ceiling

Sometimes, in the process of redecorating an apartment or a country cottage, home craftsmen notice that the ceiling has lost its original appearance and needs restoration. Sometimes the ceiling is still usable, but when you look at it there is a desire to give it a “marketable appearance”, in the process of which you do not have to resort to ultra-modern methods. To the question: “How to update the old ceiling?” there is no exact answer, since the algorithm for repairing the ceiling covering depends on the type of structure, the degree of its deterioration and the room in which it is located. In most cases, the renovation of ceilings is carried out as part of a cosmetic repair of the premises, however, situations arise when it is necessary to restore life only to the ceiling, making it even more attractive. There are several ways to repair an old ceiling, the peak of their relevance falls on different time intervals. These include wallpapering the ceiling, and installing foam tiles, and restoration using PVC panels and drywall, and more modern options – arranging stretch and suspended ceilings. The choice of each depends on many factors, as well as the capabilities of the homeowner renovating the ceiling. All repair options have their own technological features, which will be discussed in this article..

Preparing the ceiling in an old house for renovation: procedure

Do-it-yourself repair of the old ceiling is impossible without preliminary measures that must be carried out before plastering and painting work.

If the ceiling to be restored has previously been whitewashed, the following preparatory work must be done:

  • To remove the old whitewash, a 1 sq. the meter must be moistened with warm water using a roller, brush or foam rubber;
  • Leave until the water is absorbed, which will take no more than 3-4 minutes;
  • Using a spatula, thoroughly clean the ceiling from chalk.
  • If the ceiling surface in need of repair was previously painted with water-based paint, it is necessary to remove its remnants as follows:
  • First of all, it is necessary to moisten the surface to be repaired;
  • If there are any peeling pieces and a film of paint, remove them;
  • In plastered areas where pieces of plaster do not hold firmly enough, remove them.

  • The next important stage in the preparatory work is priming the mounting surface. Often, craftsmen neglect this stage, underestimating the importance of the primer, which helps to remove dust from the treated surface and increase the adhesion between the concrete slab and the plaster layer..
  • Use a roller, brush or spray gun to apply the primer. Experts recommend applying the primer in two layers, after which it is necessary to wait for it to dry for an hour. Due to the fact that the primer is a transparent liquid, after it dries, problems with the detection of application defects may arise. To solve this problem, experts recommend adding a small amount of color to the primer..

Important! The modern construction market offers buyers primer compositions of increased efficiency, however, some of them contain PVA glue. To save money without compromising the effectiveness of the material, experts recommend purchasing PVA glue and diluting it with water, and in order for such an improvised primer to acquire antiseptic properties, copper sulfate is added to it.

  • The next stage of preparatory measures before applying paint is puttying and plastering.

  • Deep cracks, irregularities and other flaws are filled with gypsum-based plasters, which are much easier to work with than with conventional cement plaster. An excellent example of such a composition is the Rotband plaster mix produced by Knauf, which is successfully used by many finishers..
  • Having prepared the working solution, the largest potholes and cracks, as well as cracks, both in the slabs and between them, are closed. They are moistened with water and filled with a working solution. This event must be carried out in several stages, since a large amount of wet plaster can slip, causing a lot of trouble. After that, a general leveling of the ceiling is carried out, for which they take a rule on which a solution is applied with a small spatula and pressed against the surface to be leveled, slightly pressing it down and stretching it along towards you. This contributes to the quick setting of the mortar. Often, after the first application of the plaster, noticeable grooves and irregularities remain, which do not need to be immediately rubbed out, as this can lead to deterioration of the appearance of the ceiling surface. Due to the fact that it is still necessary to make a final leveling of the surface, which will eliminate all existing defects.
  • After the last layer of plaster is completely dry, it is necessary to grout the joints with sandpaper. Then the ceiling is cleaned of plaster particles and wiped with a damp cloth, after which a layer of primer is applied using a spray gun.

The final stage – final leveling of the ceiling, involving the application of several layers of putty, followed by sanding and priming of the final layer.

Important! It is recommended to start applying the putty during the final leveling of the ceiling from the wall adjacent to the one where the window is located. This contributes to a good overview. It is not recommended to apply a layer of putty thicker than 5 mm, as this impairs its drying and contributes to the appearance of cracks.

Ceiling painting and whitewashing – timeless classics

Whitewashing ceilings: the main technological nuances

Whitewashing old ceilings is a classic repair option that does not lose its relevance throughout its existence. Moreover, it is one of the most budgetary and simplest ways to restore the ceiling surface, which you can do yourself. If you preferred this option, then you should know the following nuances:

  • If there are traces of mold or fungus on the treated ceiling surface, it is necessary to clean it and smear it with an antifungal agent, waiting for it to dry completely;
  • At the next stage, the treated surface is primed using a primer characterized by deep penetration;
  • To make the ceiling as even as possible, plaster and putty are performed on the surface. If the surface was initially sufficiently flat, you can refuse to plaster it;
  • After the implementation of the above measures, you can start painting the ceiling surface.

Ceiling painting: choice of materials and application technology

A more modern way to repair the ceiling in an old house is to use water-based paint, which replaced chalk and lime. There are several varieties of water-based paint, including acrylic, latex, and silicate – all of these types must be diluted with water before use. The choice of this or that variety depends on the interior of the room, the taste preferences of the owner and his creative idea..

However, there is also a technical side to the issue that must be taken into account when choosing a water-based paint:

  • Try to give preference to paint with high covering power;
  • If you plan to repair ceilings in rooms with high humidity, choose a washable paint, in all other cases you can give preference to paint with normal parameters;
  • Experts recommend purchasing paint with a margin, since even in one batch there may be paint with a slight tone difference, noticeable at the end of the repair.

Important! After drying, the water-based paint becomes lighter by several tones, which must also be taken into account during the repair process..

How to paint an old ceiling?

Experts do not recommend painting the ceiling using old paint and, therefore, before painting the old ceiling, it must be cleaned of whitewash or paint. If the first is removed only mechanically (the surface is moistened with water using a paint roller and, using a spatula, whitewash is removed), then the removal of the second can be done in several ways.

  • Mechanical method, which involves removing paint with a spatula or metal brush;
  • In a chemical way, the essence of which is to use a special solvent to remove paint. After surface treatment with this composition, the paint will easily move away from the ceiling surface..

  • Before you open a can of paint, it must be shaken and, having opened, mix again;
  • Pour a small amount of paint into the tray, which will prevent its premature drying;
  • Blend the corners with a brush. Layer width should be at least 5-6 cm;
  • Lightly touching the paint surface with a roller and running it along the bath, collect a small amount of it;
  • Remove excess paint and, making a W-shaped motion, make several rolls with a roller;
  • After a small amount of paint remains on the roller, making light movements, slide it over the painted surface, which will remove smudges and paint over the remaining stripes;
  • When 12 hours have passed after applying the first layer of paint, you can start applying the second layer and, after waiting for it to dry, make sure that there is no need to apply a third, finishing layer..

Disadvantages of painted ceilings:

  • The main disadvantage of painted ceilings is moisture permeability, and therefore, it will have to be periodically tinted;
  • If ceiling painting is carried out in a newly built house, there is a high likelihood of cracks in the ceiling during the shrinkage of the building..

Repair of the old ceiling photo

Glue or tile ceiling: repair features

How else to update the old ceiling? One of the current methods is the use of ceiling tiles, characterized by different textures and made of foam, polyurethane and other well-known polymers..

A tiled or so-called adhesive ceiling is characterized by a number of advantages:

  • Due to the fact that the construction market offers a large number of varieties of ceiling tiles, you can decorate the interior of the room in any stylistic and color scheme;
  • Arrangement of a tiled ceiling is one of the most budgetary repair options, which is due to the democratic cost of the material used;
  • Surface preparation for arranging a tiled ceiling has no specific features and involves the implementation of a standard set of actions: cleaning, leveling, putty;
  • The glue ceiling is moisture resistant, and therefore can be installed in rooms with high humidity.

Important! It is not recommended to install a tiled ceiling in bedrooms, as it is necessary to carry out frequent ventilation of rooms with tiles..

Plastic tiles are unpretentious in maintenance, and can be easily cleaned and washed, however, situations often arise when individual tile elements are deformed, and therefore, they need to be replaced..

Important! Before proceeding with the renovation of a tiled ceiling, it is important to remember that not all types of tiles can be painted..

  • If the ceiling tile you are using is made of plastic that is not designed for processing with coloring compounds, the only way out in this case is to partially or completely replace the damaged tile element..
  • Foam tiles can be painted, which is carried out in the same way as painting a concrete or plasterboard ceiling. The only thing that does not need to be done in this case is plastering and leveling the tiled surface..

Important! To paint tiles made of foam, it is recommended to use water-based paints that do not leave streaks and contribute to creating a flat and smooth surface. Application of paint is carried out with a brush, as the paint roller can deform the tiles.

Important! For ceiling tiles, the ideal option is to use an aqueous dispersion dye. If the tiles are laid with diamonds or squares of contrasting shades, they must be painted carefully with a thin brush..

Stretch ceiling arrangement – a universal repair method

Arrangement of a stretch ceiling cannot be called a budget option, however, it is not the most expensive either. The installation of a stretch ceiling will require at least 10-15 thousand, which is explained by the impossibility of carrying out the installation with your own hands and the need to attract specialists, in whose arsenal there are specialized tools (heat gun).

Stretch ceiling advantages:

  • Aesthetic appearance, quick installation and no need for efforts on the part of the owners;
  • Due to the moisture resistance of stretch ceilings, it is recommended to install them in rooms where leaks are possible..

Stretch ceiling is a sheet of polymer materials, which is stretched and secured with special fasteners. The ceiling sheet can be both glossy and matte, and modern production capabilities have made it possible to manufacture a stretch ceiling with a pattern.

Briefly, the installation of a stretch ceiling is as follows:

  • Along the perimeter of the room, special fasteners are installed – baguettes;
  • Using a heat gun, the fabric is heated, as a result of which it acquires elasticity;
  • Using a special tool resembling a spatula, along the perimeter of the ceiling, the canvas is tucked into the fasteners;
  • After the material cools down, it acquires the necessary strength and stretches evenly without forming folds. After the installation of the stretch ceiling is completed, holes are made in the canvas, which are necessary for the installation of lighting fixtures..

During the operation of a stretch ceiling, situations arise when it needs to be repaired, which involves the correction of defects and gaps that have arisen. To make such situations as rare as possible, or, if possible, to avoid repairs altogether, during the operation of the stretch ceiling, the following rules must be adhered to:

  • It is necessary to avoid heating the ceiling sheet above 70 degrees, as this can cause the edges that hold its surface to melt, which leads to sagging and tearing of the sheet;
  • The temperature should not be allowed to drop below 0 degrees (in winter, it is not recommended to abuse the ventilation of the room). This is due to the crystallization of the material at low temperatures, which causes the fabric to break;
  • It is necessary to avoid contact of the canvas with sharp objects, since in cases of damage to the stretch ceiling with sharp objects, repair is a mandatory measure;
  • If, in the event of a leak, the stretch ceiling fabric resists the weight of cold water, then hot water will lead to tears of the canvas..
  • In most cases, damaged stretch ceilings must be replaced, however, situations arise when timely partial repairs can prevent a complete replacement of the canvas..

Cuts and tears of the stretch ceiling

Despite the fact that the canvas of the stretch ceiling is characterized by sufficient strength, its cuts and punctures cannot be ruled out.

A canvas made of PVC film is practically not amenable to self-repair, however, if the gap is small, you can carefully glue it with your own hands;

If the gaps are significant, it is impractical to carry out partial repair of the canvas..

In the event of tears in the fabric-backed seamless ceiling, the following can be done:

  • Using a piece of fiberglass or fabric tape, carefully seal the existing gap;
  • After that, paint is applied to the cut site, the color of which is similar to the color of the stretch ceiling;
  • If the incision is small, you can try to sew it up with nylon threads to match the color of the canvas and tint, which will make the seam almost invisible.

Ceiling leakage: elimination methods

If your room has a stretch ceiling, you will most likely be able to avoid flooding of furniture and other furnishings, as well as avoid damage to the walls, which is due to the unique ability of the stretch canvas to withstand the weight of water without breaking through.

In case of flooding, to prevent damage to the ceiling, it is necessary to act especially carefully and follow the recommendations of specialists:

  • First of all, it is necessary to drain the accumulated water in order to prevent deformation of the ceiling. For this, one of the corners of the ceiling is dismantled;
  • After you have drained the water, you must thoroughly dry the canvas and fill it into the baguette using a heat gun;
  • Also, the water can be drained by making a small hole in the stretch ceiling film.
  • If the weight of water accumulated during the leakage of the ceiling has exceeded the established rate, most likely, baguettes will come off the walls, which may be due to inaccuracies made during the installation process. Most installers consider ceiling leaks to be a warranty case, so you don’t need to worry about the consequences..

Important! If you are faced with a ceiling leak, check the temperature of the water: if it is cold, then after drying the canvas it will not change its operational properties, and if it is hot, then most likely it will stretch, and therefore, partial repairs will not be possible.

Sagging of the web can occur if its operational life has exceeded 10 years, or during its installation, the web was unevenly stretched. Exposure to high temperatures can also cause the web to sag. The method of eliminating this defect is to stretch the canvas..

Repair of the old ceiling video