Ceilings

How to make a drywall frame

In order to level the surfaces of the ceilings and hide the communications laid along it, sheets of drywall are used on a metal frame.

In this article we will tell you how to make a frame for drywall from a steel or aluminum profile.

Table of contents:

To install its structure, you will need:

  • profiles guides
  • ceiling profiles
  • anchor suspensions;
  • profile extension cords
  • dowel nails
  • self-tapping screws
  • crab connectors
  • construction level
  • screwdriver
  • painting cord
  • hammer
  • scissors for metal
  • roulette
  • perforator

Description of materials

  • The guide profiles serve as the basis for the creation of the entire structure. Their dimensions are 50x40mm, 75x40mm or 100x40mm with an element length of 3-4m and a wall thickness of 0.6mm.

  • The suspension is a frame element with which the ceiling is mounted. There are two types of such a product: U-shaped and T-shaped. The first is used for fixing the profile to the concrete ceiling and walls. And the second is for connecting long elements at their intersections. Both types of hangers give the plasterboard ceiling frame rigidity in the fastening.

  • The ceiling profile has the shape of a channel in cross-section. This is the main element of the frame for creating its single-level or multi-level structure. The profile has a wall thickness of 0.5 – 0.6mm and a cross-section of 28x27mm or 60x27mm. The length of the element is 3-4m. Its longitudinal edges are bent inward for fastening clamps and hangers.

  • The “crab” connector is used for mounting connections of long elements that intersect in a frame made of a drywall profile at an angle of 90 degrees.

  • The frame fasteners include plastic dowels, screws and self-tapping screws. Without them, the assembly of the ceiling system is impossible. When assembling the frame, the screws are not screwed into the dowels, but hammered in with a hammer. Flared plastic elements are used for ceilings. The side prevents them from falling into the voids of the drilled holes when hammering. With a dowel size of 6 mm, screws with a length of 70 – 100 mm are used. Small self-tapping screws, the so-called “fleas”, are used to connect the profiles to each other and fix them to the suspensions.

Assembling a single-level ceiling frame

We figured out the materials, let’s get to work:

First of all, the number and type of lighting fixtures for your ceiling is determined. The future height of the room depends on this. The minimum amount of lowering of the ceiling frame depends on the base of the selected luminaires. If you take this distance a little over 10cm, then you can’t go wrong.

Layout and installation of guides

  • We proceed to the marking of the walls for the installation of the PNP 28×27 frame guide profiles. This is done with a builder’s level and paint cord. The result should be a strictly horizontal rectangle outlined around the perimeter of the room. Its location is 10 cm from the surface of the lower part of the ceiling. Now these lines are a guideline for the guide profiles..

  • The guides are attached to the walls with dowel nails. The profiles are pre-cut to size with metal scissors and supplied with mounting holes with a pitch of 0.5 m. Then a similar drilling operation must be performed with a puncher in the wall. The holes must match in pairs. Through them we fasten a number of profiles with a hammer and dowels.

Fastening straight hangers

At the next stage, the marking is done with the fastening of direct suspensions. They serve to hold the ceiling profile in place. Two identical marks are made on the ceiling from opposite edges of the wall. A paint cord is pulled between the points and a line is beaten off. This is how the entire ceiling is marked every 0.5 m. We have received guidelines for attaching the hangers. Then the products are installed in increments of no more than 1.5 m using a punch and dowel nails.

Installation of longitudinal and transverse profiles

  • Now we mount the ceiling elements PP 60×27. This is the main frame element. It will carry the main load from the drywall.
  • The final part of the assembly of the structure is done as follows. The PP profile is inserted into the PNP profile and is placed between the bent sides of the straight suspension. Then it is attached to it with self-tapping screws for metal. The entire installation of the drywall frame is controlled by the building level. If the length of the profile is small, its parts can be connected using an extension.

  • Next comes the installation of longitudinal profiles. They are connected to the transverse profiles with “crabs”, – special devices, and self-tapping screws. After completing this work, our frame is suitable for plasterboard sheathing.

Assembling a two-level ceiling frame

  • If your home has ceilings of 3m or more, the quality of its decoration can be significantly improved. For this, a two-level frame system is used, which allows the ceiling to be lowered to any height. This design makes the ceiling “floating”, since the planes of the ceiling itself and the plane of its attachment to the base structure are located at different levels.
  • Unlike a single-level ceiling, the set of elements here includes clamping hangers, metal rods with an eyelet for fastening and two-level profile connectors.

  • Wall marking and installation of guide profiles is carried out in the same way as above. The difference lies only in the selected ceiling height.

Installation of rods with hangers

Further actions are as follows:

  • According to the markings made, metal rods are attached to the ceiling surface with dowels every 0.9 m on one line. The step of all lines is no more than 1m. The outermost row of rods is located at a distance of 0.1m from the wall. All fixings on the ceiling are staggered.

  • Then hangers with clamps are put on the knitting needles. Ceiling elements of the main level are attached to them. This is done by simply snapping the gimbal into place..

Installation of main and ceiling profiles

  • Further, ceiling profiles are planted on the main rows of profiles. The work is done with two-level connectors with locks.

  • Ceiling profiles are placed on the main elements in increments of no more than 0.5 m. The horizon of all bearing profiles is set by decreasing or increasing the length of the rods on the clamps. At the end of the assembly of the two-level frame, drywall is attached to the ceiling profiles.

All the work is quite within the power of a home master. She is quite painstaking, but

now you can make any ceiling frame for drywall with your own hands.

If you take into account the cost of hired labor, which roughly corresponds to the price of all materials, then we can congratulate you: you saved a lot of money!

Additionally on how to make a frame for drywall, the video below.