Ceilings

DIY wooden ceiling

Of course, not every real estate owner can afford to equip a ceiling made of wood, but such designs are gathering fans more and more rapidly. The choice of wooden materials is quite wide, ranging from various types of wood to cladding (bars, panels, beams, slats, boards). Exclusive wooden ceilings are considered ideal for a solid house or apartment.

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Features of wooden ceilings

There are many different solutions for arranging the ceiling: aluminum, plasterboard, adhesive and tension. However, only wooden ceilings have no competitors in most indicators. Naturally, coffered wooden ceilings, which are sheathed with solid wood, look elegant and respectable, but the imitation of a bar on the ceiling looks no less aesthetically pleasing.

Wood is a very affordable and very easy-to-work material that provides excellent sound and thermal insulation and simply adds coziness to the room. Of course, some are guilty of the price of wooden ceilings. But famous designers say that today it is not wood finishing that is expensive, but only materials for processing the ceiling: primer, putty, varnish.

Many people believe that the tree is intended exclusively for cottages, country private houses and expensive restaurants, but with the right choice of finishing material, it can also be used in an apartment..

There may be a misconception that wood ceilings are only suitable for completely dry rooms (bedroom, living room, hallway), however, thanks to the latest processing technology and the correct knowledge of the installation of wooden elements, it became possible to use wood for finishing ceilings in the kitchen and bathroom. The wooden ceiling is often equipped in the attic, in the sauna and bath.

At the same time, it is recommended to be able to choose the right material. When buying wood panels or planks, pay attention to which part of the wood they were made from. If the board is cut from the core of the trunk, it will crack faster. But the boards that are cut from the edge of the tree will last much longer. But if you are interested in the waterproofness of the material, then here it is just recommended to give preference to boards from the core.

Remember that the details for finishing the ceiling should not be bulky. You need to choose wooden elements that are no more than 25 millimeters thick, and they are 1 meter and 6.5 meters long. When buying material for arranging a ceiling in a room with high humidity, you need to use panels that are treated from all sides, including grooves, with a special water-repellent wax, and during installation, leave small ventilation gaps between the panels.

Wooden elements

Of course, pine wood ceilings are the most popular, but more and more other types of wood have recently been used for such work. For example, in some countries, special pecky wood is used for the manufacture of a wooden ceiling, which can give a ceiling made of it a special charm due to the presence of small pockmarks in it. Sheathing of a wooden ceiling in an apartment is carried out using various elements, including edged, and lining, and a specially processed slab.

Plywood

Plywood is a material consisting of several layers of wood that are superimposed on each other, wear-resistant and durable. It is easy to paint, process, and light tinting is able to vividly reflect the natural composition of the wood itself. And with the help of special processing solutions used as impregnation, plywood can become resistant to moisture on its surface. Depending on the shape and size of plywood sheets, wooden ceilings are varied.

Facing slabs

Ceiling slabs made of wood of any valuable species are produced in a huge assortment. There are even samples on sale that are completely impregnated with wood wax. They are great for kitchen or bathroom installations because they are waterproof. Moreover, these plates are impervious to dirt, do not crack or delaminate, therefore they require a minimum of your attention..

Panels

The most beautiful layer in such details is the front one, for its manufacture they take the most expensive types of wood, and the other two layers are made from more common and less expensive species – pine or spruce. The layers are bonded at the factory using the latest technology under the influence of high temperature and high pressure. The popularity of the panels is high due to their good quality, durability, spectacular appearance, speed and ease of installation, as well as ease of maintenance..

Lining

Lining, edged boards or finishing slabs are traditional and time-tested finishing materials that are easy to cover. Core boards are difficult to handle and often crack, but are exceptionally water-repellent. Boards from the edge of the trunk are much easier to handle and do not crack.

Wood wallpaper

When arranging the ceiling, wooden wallpapers have always been appreciated for their graceful texture and beauty. This is a rather promising innovation that has combined panels and standard wallpapers, infinitely expanding design possibilities. Veneer wallpaper usually has a thickness of up to 1.56 millimeters, they are made from valuable wood, glued veneer on paper wallpaper. Wallpaper in sheets or rolls made of cork does not absorb odors, is easily cleaned of dirt and provides good sound insulation. But moisture intolerance and fire hazard limit the place of use of all wooden wallpaper..

Ceiling fillet

The fillet is a wood plinth. Only wooden fillets have undeniable advantages over any others: unique strength, natural color, amazing durability. They successfully emphasize the design of the wood ceiling and hide possible flaws in our work. Since they are up to 120 millimeters long, the number of joints is significantly reduced during the ceiling sheathing. In addition, you can choose laminated or veneered fillets, and attach them with nails, screws with plugs, clips or “liquid” nails of your choice..

Timber imitation

Another popular option for finishing the ceiling with wood is imitation of a bar. This material has some similarities with the clapboard, judging by the photo of wooden ceilings, and is a planed sheathing board, but wider and more massive. Consider this when creating an indoor interior.!

False beams

Among the wooden elements of false ceilings, a special place is occupied by decorative false beams, which have a number of advantages over conventional structures. Lightness, simplicity of product and installation, high durability turn false beams into a popular decorative material. Inside such beams, you can hide electrical wiring, Internet wires and antennas. Electric lamps are perfectly mounted in them. With proper placement, decorative beams can optically expand the space or raise the ceiling.

Arrangement of a wooden ceiling

Before installing the suspended wood ceiling, please note that after installing all the structural elements, the height of the room will decrease by about 10-15 centimeters. Therefore, it is imperative that you make sure that this ceiling finish is suitable for the height of the walls of your house. First you need to make a wiring plan, designate the location of the lamp and other electrical appliances. Well go ahead!

Preliminary work

For the device of a wooden ceiling, you will need the following materials: imitation of timber or lining made of coniferous wood, slats 40 by 20, screws 2.5 by 25, impact dowel 6 by 60, block house lining, thick fishing line, decorative strip, varnish or paint. Before finishing the ceiling with wood, the surface must be insulated. To do this, you will need steam-waterproofing materials, pegamine or roofing material, polyurethane foam, slab, insulation, nails, fiberboard or drywall.

The first step is to create a vapor barrier layer. To do this, select a material from the list: vapor barrier film, polymer membranes, foil insulation. Place the material of choice between the beams on the ceiling lengthwise, leaving an overlap at the height of the beam. Insulation materials are fixed with a construction stapler or paper clips..

After that, choose a heater: you can use mineral wool, glass wool, polystyrene, ecowool, expanded clay. After choosing, you need to lay the insulation flush with the floor beams. Cover the insulation with waterproofing material on top. Remember that ecowool does not need an additional protective film. Lay a slab shield on top of the waterproofing material – across the ceiling beams.

This method of arranging the shield helps to ensure that when repairing the roof, you will be able to move around without creating additional loads on the ceiling shield. A serious matter is the procedure for insulating the ceiling near the chimney. Of course, if your house does not have an attic, and the chimney runs through your attic.

Choose a material that is non-flammable and capable of withstanding temperatures in the order of 200 degrees Celsius. The layer of insulating material around the perimeter of the chimney in the place where it goes to the attic should be at least 25-30 centimeters. Also place an asbestos spacer between the ceiling beams and the insulation..

If the house has an attic, then it is not necessary to insulate the ceiling, but it is advisable to put a layer of sound insulation. You can use materials at hand, such as a mixture of lime and sawdust or a layer of dry sand. Then you can start creating the lathing and sheathing of the ceiling with wood, which will not take much of your time..

Wood ceiling decoration

The technology for installing a suspended ceiling made of wood is similar to plastering the surface with plasterboard, but the material must be fastened not to an aluminum frame, but to a wooden one. Therefore, arranging a wooden ceiling with your own hands, you first need to mount a wooden crate, adhering to a distance between the slats of 30 centimeters.

For the manufacture of lathing, it is recommended to use a rail of 20 by 40 millimeters. Stretch thick fishing line in the middle and around the edges of the ceiling using a building level. The slats are attached along a stretched line without bending it. The first plank is placed close to one wall. With standard ceiling sheathing (across or along the plane), the battens must be fixed in the perpendicular direction to the board anchorage.

For planking at an acute 45 degree angle, attach the planks around the entire perimeter. For a perfectly even placement of the planks, it is recommended, along with using a level to the joists, to put pieces of boards under the areas of fixing the planks. After installing the rack frame, you can start creating the ceiling. Measure the required length of the boards and cut off the excess.

Hide the electricity lines under the clapboard. For this, it is customary to use a stranded copper wire with a power reserve that does not heat up. Places for lighting and other electrical appliances should also be designated. The timber false ceiling is attached to the ceiling panel. When finishing the ceiling with such panels, you should create a small indentation from the wall of the house in a couple of millimeters, giving space for the shrinkage of the tree and its possibility of compression-expansion.

Now we come to the main question, how to make a wooden ceiling using lining. The lining is attached to the slats with self-tapping screws. So that the self-tapping screws are not visible, they should be fixed in the lining groove. If the installation with self-tapping screws is not hidden, then it is better to scatter them over the entire surface of the ceiling..

Also, to make the fastening invisible and not to spoil the overall impression with nail heads, the sheathing can simply be glued with high-quality glue to the board crate. Some craftsmen prefer to create a fastener using screws. If you use their decorative counterparts instead of ordinary nails, this will give the interior a kind of zest..

After installing wooden elements on the ceiling, they should be varnished or painted. If you are not satisfied with the shade of the lining and you want to change it, then you can use special dyes that preserve the natural texture of the wood and saturate the material with natural shades of oak, walnut, pine. The surface dries very quickly.

When choosing varnish for lining, try not to use glossy varnishes, because shiny ceilings tire your eyes and are not a sign of excellent taste. After applying the first layer and completely drying the surface, it is recommended to wipe it with fine-grained sandpaper called “zero” to remove air bubbles and small lint. Repeat the procedure 2-3 times..

You just have to think again what kind of ceiling you want to make, because the choice of wooden products is quite wide. Maybe it will be a clapboard familiar to all of us, or will you give preference to wooden wallpaper? Do not forget that all kinds of panels and slabs for cladding, plywood, imitation of timber are presented on the market. In addition, you can always equip false beams on the surface, which cannot be distinguished from real ones by eye. In any case, such a ceiling will look respectable, recalling the excellent taste of the owners..