Brazil is one the most visited places in the world and it is best known for its international carnival. The annually celebrated Carnaval of Rio de Janeiro is America’s major display of color which lasts four days; it includes the parade which covers the Marques de Sapucai avenue and the Sambodrome, attended by thousands of people coming from all over the world. But, this is only one of the infinite Brazilian highlights we can be part of, and of course, of which we can get some pics and free videos on internet. We’ll travel around the country to uncover the wonders of Brazil.
Let’s start on the capital of Brazil, Sao Paulo, where it is the Avenida Paulista, the heart and most important avenue of the city, founded on December 8th, 1851 and open to the public in 1891. It may be the equivalent to the Fifth Avenue of New York because of the important business centers and stores it houses on its shopping area, for which it is also known as the largest financial institution in the world. It has two and a half kilometers from Praça Oswaldo Cruz to Praça Mal Cordeiro de Farias, in which there are many cultural centers such as the Viaducto do Cha, Casa das Rosas, Centro Cultural Itau, Teatro Brasileiro de Comedia. There we’ll also find the Beneficencia Portuguesa, Conjunto Nacional, Winston Churchil Gazeta, a fine-art museum, theaters and many other important buildings, that are better appreciated during the wonderful Paulista nights.
Almost at the end of Paulista Avenue is Casa das Rosas or the House of the Roses, an impressive architectural monument dated from the first years of the 20th century, located in the middle of the main skyscrapers of Sao Paulo. The face is clearly French-styled; the interior decoration recalls a classic style. Its garden has rose plantations distributed following a geometric design. The house was the first place to host a library specialized in poetry books, and many others, proceeding from the Press Office of the State of Sao Paulo.
Christ the Redeemer is the statue of Jesus Christ located at the top of the Corcovado Mountain in Rio de Janeiro’s Tijuca Forest National Park. It is about 130 feet high (39.6 meters) and weighs 635 tons; being one of the largest statues in the world. The Corcovado’s Christ is now, from July 7th, 2007, one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Built during the 1920’s with reinforced concrete covered with soapstone, it coasted about 250 thousand dollars, and has now become the symbol of Brazil’s Catholicism.
Horto Florestal, is the state park situated to the north of Sao Paulo city, where the Summer Palace of the State Government is located. This park is home to many different species of wildlife such as monkeys, capybaras, geese, turtles, herons and birds on the lakes. There, we can find the Forestry Museum Octávio Vecchi, which displays a large collection of Latin American wood.
The beautiful Jardim Botânico of Rio de Janeiro, located in a rich green area full of diverse species, around 6,500 tropical and subtropical trees and plants, is also home to important historical monuments and a research center that owns more than 32 thousand books of botany. The most representative species are the royal palms and the endangered species: pau-brasil, pau mulato and acará amarelo.
The Harbour of Rio de Janeiro on Guanabara Bay is the largest bay in the world, originated as a result of erosion from the waters of the Atlantic Ocean on Brazil’s land. It’s surrounded by the mountains of Tijuca National Park, among them the Corcovado Mountain at 2,310 feet and the Sugar Loaf Mountain, from the top of any of them, visitors can have a great panoramic view of the harbor and the city. It includes the islands, Governor’s, Fundao and Snakes.
Iguaçu Falls are part of a system of waterfalls along the Iguaçu River situated in the limits of Paraná in Brazil and Misiones of Argentine. It’s part of a park that includes a number of about 270 interlinked falls along the 1,8 miles. Some cascades have a height of 269 feet; the others are about 210 feet, part of a huge amount of water covering the resulting crack of a volcanic eruption. The border of these countries is marked by the Garganta del Diablo o Devil’s Throat, a big cliff with the biggest waterfall. The Iguazu waterfalls are a spectacle that must be seen in person.
In Pernambuco people always visit Cabo de Santo Agostinho, the most important attraction of the city, not only for the importance of its industry but for the surrounding beaches such as Calhetas, Gibu and Paraiso. Around it, visitors can find from pousadas to resorts. Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago which includes 21 islands and many islets, reachable by plane or boat; it is also considered a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Itaipu hydroelectric Dam is situated on the Parana River, between Brazil and Paraguay. It generates large amounts of electricity, being the total capacity of production 14,000 megawatts, on its big infrastructure built for this kind of power plants. Philip Glass, an American composer, wrote a symphonic cantata which was named after Itaipu.
Palacio de Cristal or the Crystal Palace of Petropolis was inspired in the same named palace of London. It was first open in 1884, to exhibit collections of flowers, fruits and birds. Nowadays it houses many different events and exhibitions. The palace is the gift Count D’Eu gave to Princess Elizabeth, his wife. Last, but not least is Pelourinho, the upper and historical city of Salvador, filled with colonial buildings as churches, where people can find an exciting nightlife apart from restaurants, cafes, hostels, shops, and many other attractions. For many years Pelourinho witnessed the hurt caused by the lashing to slaves, till the end of slavery.
Guarda do Embaú is a superb beach located in Palhoca, a fishing village of Florianopolis. The beach is crossed by a river dividing it into two parts, draining its waters into the sea. Guarda do Embaú is a paradise considered one of the best places for surfing in Brazil, and for kayaking, boating, and many other aquatic sports. The beaches’ environment offers a peaceful atmosphere, appropriate for yoga retreats.
Chapada Diamantina is the name of the fascinating national park running through Bahía, which is made up of a region of steep cliffs bordering a plateau; where diamonds where found in the 19th century. It houses a rich flora and fauna contained in diverse ecosystems. Underground the enormous rock formations there exist subterranean lakes and rivers. Similar to this park is the Chapada dos Veadeiros of Brasilia; its territory, covered with mountains, rivers and waterfalls, has become a World Natural Heritage because the 65,515 hectares park is home to a diverse flora and fauna species filled in tropical ecosystems, of thousands of years of existence.
There is also in Brazil, Chapada dos Guimaraes, formed of a range of mountains, plateau, rivers, waterfalls, canyons, is home to a diverse wildlife of Mato Grosso. Another fantastic natural attraction is Encontro das Aguas, the place where waters meet but not mix, at the confluence of Rio Negro and Solimoes River. Their waters meet and run for about 6 kilometers, side by side without mixing, it is highly attractive for tourists in Manaus.
They all are undoubtedly marvelous places, worthy to see them in person and confirm the magnificence many travel videos announce. But the trip doesn’t end here, because Brazil has much more to offer: The Pantanal a great reserve of wildlife, the Amazonia National Park covering almost half the country, and Recife, Sao Luis or Manaus. Cities with places rich in flora and fauna, others appropriate to practice action or adventure sports and others with spectacular landscapes, the perfect scenery where to place the paradise.