Brazil is one of the best developed countries in South America that is why there are all kinds of transportation. If you want to go across the states you can take a plane, you will find a big list airlines operating at each airport, and also has updated flight schedules. But if you want to try a more adventure way, you can take a bus; Brazil has the largest road network in Latin America with over 1.6 million kilometers that are in a good condition. And if you want to get around the city there are public transport, taxis and cycle roads.
Getting around Rio is easy and no car is needed. There are plenty of buses and subways, even in the most isolated areas
Long-distance buses are a convenient, economical, and sometimes (usually if you buy the most expensive ticket), rather comfortable way to travel between regions. Bus terminals in cities play a role akin to train stations in many countries....
Air service connects all major areas of Brazil. Note that not all air routes are as direct as they would seem on a map, and are often required to go through hubs such as Brasilia or Sao Paulo.
Brazil's railway system was mostly wrecked during the military regimes. Today there are few passenger lines left...
By Car hire
It is generally accepted that tourists should not hire cars in Brazil unless they know what they're doing! Road safety in Brazil is not the best in the world, and the standard of driving here leaves a lot to be desired. However, there are a number of car hire agencies operating in Brazil, so if you want to rent a car here it is feasible. But, do travel/drive with a good map and plenty of water...
In rural areas in Brazil the bicycle is a common means of transport. This does not mean that cyclists are respected by car, truck, or bus drivers. But you may find good roads with little traffic outside the cities. It is also easy to get a lift by a pickup or to have the bike transported by a bus. Cycling is not very stimulated in big cities. Three exceptions are Rio de Janeiro, Recife and Fortaleza where there are cycle tracks along the beaches.
In the Amazon region as well as on the coast west of Sao Luis, boat travel is often the only way to get around. Those who enjoy a little more adventurous form of transportation might want to consider taking one of the boat ferries through some of the most spectacular, dense, vegetation in Brazil aboard a boat/ferry. Boats and ferries in Brazil traditionally trade their wares along the inland waterways of Brazil, and if you have time this is a recommended mode of Brazilian transportation.